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The difficulty of dispersing cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) in hydrophobic polymers such as poly(lactic acid) (PLA) remains a major obstacle to the expansion of cellulose nanocomposite applications. In this work, we employed the solvent evaporation technique commonly used for drug microencapsulation to suspend PLA in water as microparticles. The suspension of(More)
Plant and aphid biomass, photosynthetic pigment (chlorophylls a and b and carotenoids) concentrations, and chlorophyll a/b and chlorophyll/carotenoid ratios were quantified in aphid-infested 'Tugela' near-isogenic lines (Tugela, Tugela-Dn1, Tugela-Dn2, and Tugela-Dn5). The objectives were to quantify changes of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophylls a and b,(More)
This review highlights the most significant advances of the nanofabrication techniques reported over the past decade with a particular focus on the approaches tailored towards the fabrication of functional nano-devices. The review is divided into two sections: top-down and bottom-up nanofabrication. Under the classification of top-down, special attention is(More)
Chlorophyll degradation enzyme (i.e., chlorophyllase, Mg-dechelatase, and chlorophyll oxidase) activities of aphid-infested and uninfested 'Tugela' and Tugela near-isogenic wheat lines (i.e., Tugela-Dn1, Tugela-Dn2, and Tugela-Dn5) were assayed. Chlorophyllase activity was higher in bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Homoptera:(More)
In this study, the genetic diversity of 51 cultivars in the primary core collection of peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) was evaluated by using simple sequence repeats (SSRs). The phylogenetic relationships and the evolutionary history among different cultivars were determined on the basis of SSR data. Twenty-two polymorphic SSR primer pairs were selected,(More)
Self-healing hydrogels were proposed to be used as biomaterials, because of the capability of spontaneously healing injury, but most of the reported self-healing hydrogels do not possess high mechanical strength and fast self-healing at the same time. Herein, we prepared graphene oxide (GO)-hectorite clay-poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) (PDMAA) hybrid(More)
Templated surfaces can be used to create patterns of proteins for applications in cell biology, biosensors, and tissue engineering. A diblock copolymer template, which contains a pair of hydrophobic blocks, has been developed. The template is created from well-ordered, nonequilibrium surface structures of poly(styrene-b-isoprene) (PS-b-PI) diblock(More)
In the present work, hydrophilic monomer acrylamide (AM) was copolymerized with N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAm) in an aqueous hectorite clay suspension to prepare PNIPAm-PAM-clay nanocomposite hydrogels (NC gels). With increasing AM content, the elongation at break of the copolymerized NC gels increased but the strength as well as the hysteresis during the(More)
The effects of physisorbed polymer molecules on carbon nanotubes dispersed in a soft polymer matrix on the resulting mechanical strength of the nanocomposite are reported. From measurements of the large-strain deformation of the nanocomposites, the shear strength, τ, of the nanotube/matrix interface was determined as a function of the interfacial polymer(More)
A quantitative model was developed to predict the depletion percentage of glutathione (DPG) compounds by gene expression programming (GEP). Each kind of compound was represented by several calculated structural descriptors involving constitutional, topological, geometrical, electrostatic and quantum-chemical features of compounds. The GEP method produced a(More)