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Plant cuticle is an extracellular lipid-based matrix of cutin and waxes, which covers aerial organs and protects them from many forms of environmental stress. We report here the characterization of CER8/LACS1, one of nine Arabidopsis long-chain acyl-CoA synthetases thought to activate acyl chains. Mutations in LACS1 reduced the amount of wax in all chemical(More)
A strategy for using tissue water as a concentration standard in (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging studies on the brain is presented, and the potential errors that may arise when the method is used are examined. The sensitivity of the method to errors in estimates of the different water compartment relaxation times is shown to be small at short(More)
Minimum L1-norm solutions have been used by many investigators to analyze MEG responses because they provide high spatial resolution images. However, conventional minimum L1-norm approaches suffer from instability in spatial construction, and poor smoothness of the reconstructed source time-courses. Activity commonly "jumps" from one grid point to (usually)(More)
The ability of magnetoencephalography (MEG) to accurately localize neuronal currents and obtain tangential components of the source is largely due to MEG's insensitivity to the conductivity profile of the head tissues. However, MEG cannot reliably detect the radial component of the neuronal current. In contrast, the localization accuracy of(More)
BACKGROUND Damage to the right parietal lobe has long been associated with various disorders of body image. The authors have recently suggested that an unusual behavioural condition in which otherwise rational individuals desire the amputation of a healthy limb might also arise from right parietal dysfunction. METHODS Four subjects who desired the(More)
AIM Gliomas represent the most frequent neoplasm of the central nervous system. Unfortunately, surgical cure of it is practically impossible and their clinical course is primarily determined by the biological behaviors of the tumor cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of the stem cell markers Nestin and CD133 expression with the(More)
Here we report, for the first time, the nearly full-length genome sequence of porcine bocavirus (PBoV), a recently discovered parvovirus from pigs. Phylogenetic trees based on this genome sequence showed that PBoV belongs to the branch containing the genus Bocavirus, which comprises canine minute virus (CnMV), bovine parvovirus, gorilla bocavirus and human(More)
In 2006, an emerging highly pathogenic strain of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), which causes continuous high fever and a high proportion of deaths in vaccinated pigs of all ages, broke out in mainland China and spread rapidly to neighboring countries. To examine the epidemiology and evolutionary characteristics of Chinese PRRSV(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of sustained impairment in military and civilian populations. However, mild (and some moderate) TBI can be difficult to diagnose due to lack of obvious external injuries and because the injuries are often not visible on conventional acute MRI or CT. Injured brain tissues in TBI patients generate pathological(More)
The urothelial carcinoma is the most common pathological type of bladder tumor. Creation of lists of miRNAs differentially expressed between this tumor type and normal tissue might help identify new diagnostic and prognostic markers. We therefore performed the present miRNA microarray analysis with 25 cases of bladder urothelial carcinomas and adjacent(More)