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CP29, one of the minor light-harvesting complexes of higher-plant photosystem II, absorbs and transfers solar energy for photosynthesis and also has important roles in photoprotection. We have solved the crystal structure of spinach CP29 at 2.80-Å resolution. Each CP29 monomer contains 13 chlorophyll and 3 carotenoid molecules, which differs considerably(More)
The phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)-binding proteins (PEBPs) are an evolutionarily conserved family of proteins with pivotal biological functions. Here we describe the cloning and functional characterization of a novel family member, human phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein 4 (hPEBP4). hPEBP4 is expressed in most human tissues and highly expressed in(More)
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are reported to act as effective adjuvants to elicit anti-tumor and anti-infection immunity. Here, we report that Hsp70-like protein 1 (Hsp70L1), a novel HSP derived from human dendritic cells (DCs), has potent adjuvant effects that polarize responses toward Th1. With a calculated molecular weight of 54.8 kDa, Hsp70L1 is smaller(More)
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenases (ACADs) are a family of mitochondrial enzymes catalyzing the initial rate-limiting step in the beta-oxidation of fatty acyl-CoA. The reaction provides main source of energy for human heart and skeletal muscle. Eight human ACADs have been described. Deficiency of these enzymes, especially very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the brain iron deposits in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy age-matched controls using phase imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-six AD patients and 24 healthy controls were recruited. A three-dimensional high-resolution, gradient-echo sequence was used to acquire phase data in the coronal plane. A high-pass(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell inhibitory receptors play important roles in the regulation of target susceptibility to natural killing. Here, we report the molecular cloning and functional characterization of a novel NK cell receptor, KLRL1, from human and mouse dendritic cells. KLRL1 is a type II transmembrane protein with an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based(More)
Genes encoding growth-inhibitory proteins are postulated to be candidate tumor suppressors. The identification of such proteins may benefit the early diagnosis and therapy of tumors. Here we report the cloning and functional characterization of a novel human bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC)-derived growth inhibitor (BDGI) by large scale random sequencing of(More)
Lysosomes have recently been identified as important apoptotic signal integrators in response to various stimuli. Here we report the functional characterization of LAPF, a novel lysosome-associated apoptosis-inducing protein containing PH and FYVE domains. LAPF is a representative of a new protein family, the Phafins (protein containing both PH and FYVE(More)
A novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV), has been identified as the causal agent of SARS. Spike (S) protein is a major structural glycoprotein of the SARS virus and a potential target for SARS-specific cell-mediated immune responses. A panel of S protein-derived peptides was tested for their binding(More)
Purpose. To identify the biological function of a novel molecule which shows high homology with human guanosine monophosphate reductase (GMPR) and is named GMPR2. Methods. GMPR2 cDNA was cloned from the cDNA library of human dendritic cells and was characterized by Bioinformatics. The expression pattern of GMPR2 was analyzed by Northern blotting. The(More)