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Cells sense several kinds of stimuli and trigger corresponding responses through signaling pathways. As a result, cells must process and integrate multiple signals in parallel to maintain specificity and avoid erroneous cross-talk. In this study, we focus our theoretical effort on understanding specificity of a model network system in yeast, Saccharomyces(More)
Pin1 is a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase consisting of a WW domain and a catalytic isomerase (PPIase) domain connected by a flexible linker. Pin1 recognizes phospho-Ser/Thr-Pro motifs in cell-signaling proteins, and is both a cancer and an Alzheimer's disease target. Here, we provide novel insight into the functional motions underlying Pin1 substrate interaction(More)
To map quantitative trait loci (QTL) and heterotic loci (HL) related to grain number per spike (GNS), 168 double haploid (DH) populations derived from Huapei 3 × Yumai 57 and an immortalized F 2 population (IF 2) generated by randomly permutated intermating of these DH populations were investigated. Using inclusive composite interval mapping (ICIM), a total(More)
Effective tiller number is one of the most important traits for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield, but the inheritance of tillering is poorly understood. A set of 168 doubled haploid (DH) lines derivatives of a cross between two winter wheat cultivars (Huapei 3 and Yumai 57), and an immortalized F(2) (IF(2)) population generated by randomly permutated(More)
The current canon attributes the binding specificity of protein-recognition motifs to distinctive chemical moieties in their constituent amino acid sequences. However, we show for a WW domain that the sequence crucial for specificity is an intrinsically flexible loop that partially rigidifies upon ligand docking. A single-residue deletion in this loop(More)
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) UL31 is a multifunctional protein and important for HSV-1 infection. Pseudorabies virus (PRV) UL31 is a late protein homologous to HSV-1 UL31. Previous studies showed that PRV UL31 is predominantly localized to nucleus, however, the molecular determinants for its nuclear import were unclear to date. Here, by utilizing live(More)
The pseudorabies virus (PRV) UL31 protein (pUL31) is a homologue of the herpes simplex virus 1 pUL31, which is a multifunctional protein that is important for HSV-1 infection. However, little is known concerning the subcellular localization signal of PRV UL31. Here, by transfection with a series of PRV UL31 deletion mutants fused to an enhanced yellow(More)
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) ICP22 is a multifunctional protein and important for HSV-1 replication. Pseudorabies virus (PRV) ICP22 (P-ICP22) is a homologue of HSV-1 ICP22 and is reported to be able to selectively modify the transcription of different kinetic classes of PRV genes, however, the subcellular localization, localization signal and molecular(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Baicalin is one of the principal flavonoids isolated from the dried root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi that has long been used to treat ischemic stroke. However, its neuroprotective mechanisms against cerebral ischemia injury are poorly understood. AIM OF THE STUDY To explore the neuroprotective mechanisms of baicalin(More)