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Cells sense several kinds of stimuli and trigger corresponding responses through signaling pathways. As a result, cells must process and integrate multiple signals in parallel to maintain specificity and avoid erroneous cross-talk. In this study, we focus our theoretical effort on understanding specificity of a model network system in yeast, Saccharomyces(More)
Melittin, a significant constituent of Apis mellifera (honeybee) venom, is a water‑soluble toxic peptide that has traditionally been used as an antitumor agent. However, the underlying mechanisms by which it inhibits tumor cell growth and angiogenesis remain to be elucidated. In the present study, screening for increased cathepsin S (Cat S) expression(More)
To map quantitative trait loci (QTL) and heterotic loci (HL) related to grain number per spike (GNS), 168 double haploid (DH) populations derived from Huapei 3 × Yumai 57 and an immortalized F 2 population (IF 2) generated by randomly permutated intermating of these DH populations were investigated. Using inclusive composite interval mapping (ICIM), a total(More)
RAFT1/FRAP/mTOR is a key regulator of cell growth and division and the mammalian target of rapamycin, an immunosuppressive and anticancer drug. Rapamycin deprivation and nutrient deprivation have similar effects on the activity of S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) and 4E-BP1, two downstream effectors of RAFT1, but the relationship between nutrient- and rapamycin-sensitive(More)
To explore the mechanism by which herpes simplex virus (HSV)-2 infection is related to HIV-1 acquisition, we conducted in situ analysis of the cellular infiltrate from sequential biopsies of HSV-2 lesions from patients on and off antiviral therapy. CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and a mixed population of plasmacytoid and myeloid dendritic cells (DCs), including(More)
MicroRNAs are members of the family of noncoding small RNAs that regulate gene expression either by inhibiting mRNA translation or by promoting mRNA degradation at the posttranscriptional level. They play an important role in the differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into neurons. However, the role of microRNAs in this process(More)
Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is an autosomal-recessive inborn metabolic disorder that results from a deficiency in methylmalonyl-coenzyme A mutase or its cofactor, adenosylcobalamin. Currently, neurological manifestations in MMA are thought to be associated with neural apoptosis. BCL2L11, which is a proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member, is resident in the outer(More)
Eighty-eight ischemic stroke patients with massive cerebral infarction (MCI) who met our selection criteria were included in this study. MCI was assessed using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) at hospital admission and at 2 weeks. The sera of all patients and controls were sampled at 48 h after the patients' attacks, and the sera of patients with MCI who had no(More)
Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule (DSCAM) plays important roles in the regulation of synaptogenesis, neurite outgrowth, axon guidance and synapse formation. Overexpression of DSCAM in Down syndrome (DS) may be involved in the pathogenesis of mental retardation through an inhibitory action on synaptogenesis/neurite outgrowth, and in the precocious(More)