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We describe a technology, the NanoString nCounter gene expression system, which captures and counts individual mRNA transcripts. Advantages over existing platforms include direct measurement of mRNA expression levels without enzymatic reactions or bias, sensitivity coupled with high multiplex capability, and digital readout. Experiments performed on 509(More)
Four pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase and two pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase isoforms function in adjusting the activation state of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) through determining the fraction of active (nonphosphorylated) pyruvate dehydrogenase component. Necessary adaptations of PDC activity with varying metabolic requirements in different(More)
BACKGROUND To date only eight US studies have simultaneously examined cancer incidence in relation to social class and race/ethnicity; all but one included only black and white Americans. To address gaps in knowledge we thus investigated socioeconomic gradients in cancer incidence among four mutually exclusive US racial/ethnic groups-- Asian and Pacific(More)
Osteocalcin has been recognized as a bone-derived hormone to regulate energy metabolism recently. Little is known about the role of osteocalcin as regards metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a Chinese population. Components of MetS, osteocalcin, body mass index (BMI), and prevalence of MetS were assessed in 2344 men aged 20 to 69 years who participated in the(More)
Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is an autosomal-recessive inborn metabolic disorder that results from a deficiency in methylmalonyl-coenzyme A mutase or its cofactor, adenosylcobalamin. Currently, neurological manifestations in MMA are thought to be associated with neural apoptosis. BCL2L11, which is a proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member, is resident in the outer(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy and safety of hepatic resection (HR) to treat patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B and C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was retrospectively assessed. BACKGROUND Although guidelines from the European Association for the Study of Liver Disease and the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease do not(More)
MOTIVATION Proteins exhibit complex subcellular distributions, which may include localizing in more than one organelle and varying in location depending on the cell physiology. Estimating the amount of protein distributed in each subcellular location is essential for quantitative understanding and modeling of protein dynamics and how they affect cell(More)
The proper maintenance of telomeres is essential for genome stability. Mammalian telomere maintenance is governed by a number of telomere binding proteins, including the newly identified CTC1-STN1-TEN1 (CST) complex. However, the in vivo functions of mammalian CST remain unclear. To address this question, we conditionally deleted CTC1 from mice. We report(More)
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (TCHM) is widely used in the prevention and treatment of viral infectious diseases. However, the operative mechanisms of TCHM remain largely obscure, mainly because of its complicated nature and the fragmented nature of research. In recent years, systematic methodologies have been developed to discover the active(More)
Four non-magnetic mutants of Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense strain MSR-1 were isolated by transposon mutagenesis and found to contain interruption of either the mamO or mamE gene within the mamAB operon. Studies indicated that mamO and mamE genes are essential for magnetosome crystal biomineralization in MSR-1. This is the first report of a single gene(More)