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The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade plays pivotal roles in diverse signalling pathways related to plant development and stress responses. In this study, the cloning and functional characterization of a group-I MAPK gene, PtrMAPK, in Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf are reported. PtrMAPK contains 11 highly conserved kinase domains and a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine for emergence agitation after tonsillectomy in children. METHODS 120 ASA physical status I and II children, aged 5-14 years, undergoing anesthesia for tonsillectomy, were randomly divided into 3 groups: Placebo group, the low dexmedetomidine concentration group and the high dexmedetomidine(More)
The chloroplast thioredoxins (TRXs) function as messengers of redox signals from ferredoxin to target enzymes. In this work, we studied the regulatory impact of pea (Pisum sativum) TRX-F on the magnesium (Mg) chelatase CHLI subunit and the enzymatic activation of Mg chelatase in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, reduced TRX-F activated the ATPase activity of pea(More)
Tomato fruit-weight 2.2 (FW2.2) was reported to control up to 30 % fruit weight. Recent studies demonstrated that FW2.2-like (FWL) genes also play important roles in plant growth and development. For instance, a maize homolog of FW2.2, named cell number regulator 1 (CNR1), negatively regulates plant and organ size. However, FWL genes in rice have not been(More)
The circulatory inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is increased in pathological conditions, such as diabetes, which initiate or exacerbate vascular endothelial injury. Both nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species may play a dual role (i.e., inhibiting or promoting) in TNF-alpha-induced endothelial cell apoptosis. We(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial cells play an important role in maintaining cardiovascular homeostasis. Oxidative stress is a critical pathogenic factor in endothelial cell damage and the development of cardiovascular diseases. In this study we evaluated the effects of propofol on oxidative stress-induced endothelial cell insults and the role of(More)
The first committed and highly regulated step of chlorophyll biosynthesis is the insertion of Mg(2+) into protoporphyrin IX, which is catalyzed by Mg chelatase that consists of CHLH, CHLD and CHLI subunits. In this study, CHLI and CHLD genes were suppressed by virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS-CHLI and VIGS-CHLD) in pea (Pisum sativum), respectively.(More)
Matrine, a bioactive alkaloid widely used in Chinese medicine, inhibits mouse sperm functions in vitro. In this study, we investigated the reproductive toxicity of matrine to male mice in vivo. C57BL/6J mice were administered with daily doses of 0, 1, 10 and 50mg/kg matrine by intraperitoneal injection for 30 days. The results showed that matrine did not(More)
The detailed mechanisms of age-related atrial structural and electrophysiological changes remain elusive. Small animal models have recently been used for the investigation of atrial tachyarrhythmia. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that atrial structural and electrical characterization with aging provides a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to demonstrate that gastrointestinal mucosal injury occurs during cardiopulmonary bypass in children, increasing systemic inflammatory responses, and to determine whether shen-fu injection (the major components of which are ginsenosides compound, extract of Panax ginseng shown to have antioxidant properties) could(More)