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Uncovering the genetic basis of agronomic traits in crop landraces that have adapted to various agro-climatic conditions is important to world food security. Here we have identified ∼3.6 million SNPs by sequencing 517 rice landraces and constructed a high-density haplotype map of the rice genome using a novel data-imputation method. We performed genome-wide(More)
The next-generation sequencing technology coupled with the growing number of genome sequences opens the opportunity to redesign genotyping strategies for more effective genetic mapping and genome analysis. We have developed a high-throughput method for genotyping recombinant populations utilizing whole-genome resequencing data generated by the Illumina(More)
Crop domestications are long-term selection experiments that have greatly advanced human civilization. The domestication of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) ranks as one of the most important developments in history. However, its origins and domestication processes are controversial and have long been debated. Here we generate genome sequences from 446(More)
A high-density haplotype map recently enabled a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a population of indica subspecies of Chinese rice landraces. Here we extend this methodology to a larger and more diverse sample of 950 worldwide rice varieties, including the Oryza sativa indica and Oryza sativa japonica subspecies, to perform an additional GWAS. We(More)
Highly regulated programs for airway epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation during development and repair are often disrupted in disease. These processes have been studied in mouse models; however, it is difficult to isolate and identify epithelial cell-specific responses in vivo. To investigate these processes in vitro, we characterized a model(More)
Bamboo represents the only major lineage of grasses that is native to forests and is one of the most important non-timber forest products in the world. However, no species in the Bambusoideae subfamily has been sequenced. Here, we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of moso bamboo (P. heterocycla var. pubescens). The 2.05-Gb assembly covers 95% of(More)
In this paper, we describe a routability-driven placer called <i>Ripple</i>. Two major techniques called <i>cell inflation</i> and <i>net-based movement</i> are used in global placement followed by a rough legalization step to reduce congestion. Cell inflation is performed in the horizontal and the vertical directions alternatively. We propose a new method(More)
De qi is an important traditional acupuncture term used to describe the connection between acupuncture needles and the energy pathways of the body. The concept is discussed in the earliest Chinese medical texts, but details of de qi phenomenon, which may include the acupuncturist's and/or the patient's experiences, were only fully described in the recent(More)
Normalization of microarray data is essential for removing experimental biases and revealing meaningful biological results. Motivated by a problem of normalizing microarray data, a semilinear in-slide model (SLIM) has been proposed. To aggregate information from other arrays, SLIM is generalized to account for across-array information, resulting in an even(More)
Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is an important grain crop that is grown in arid regions. Here we sequenced 916 diverse foxtail millet varieties, identified 2.58 million SNPs and used 0.8 million common SNPs to construct a haplotype map of the foxtail millet genome. We classified the foxtail millet varieties into two divergent groups that are strongly(More)