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COURSE DESCRIPTION: The lecture will start from the basic thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical reaction, with emphasis on the principle and performance of batteries, supercapacitors and fuel cells. The objective of the course is to give the students a solid foundation upon which they will be able to use the modern electrochemistry, fuel cell,(More)
Psychologists have long been captivated by the perception of animacy - the fact that even simple moving shapes may appear to engage in animate, intentional, and goal-directed movements. Here we report several new types of studies of a particularly salient form of perceived animacy: chasing, in which one shape (the 'wolf') pursues another shape ('the(More)
Imagine a pack of predators stalking their prey. The predators may not always move directly toward their target (e.g., when circling around it), but they may be consistently facing toward it. The human visual system appears to be extremely sensitive to such situations, even in displays involving simple shapes. We demonstrate this by introducing the wolfpack(More)
Visual experience involves not only physical features such as color and shape, but also higher-level properties such as animacy and goal-directedness. Perceiving animacy is an inherently dynamic experience, in part because agents' goal-directed behavior may be frequently in flux-unlike many of their physical properties. How does the visual system maintain(More)
We can identify other social agents in our environment not only on the basis of how they look, but also on the basis of how they move — and even simple geometric shapes can give rise to rich percepts of animacy and intentionality based on their motion patterns. But why should we think that such phenomena truly reflect visual processing, as opposed to(More)
BACKGROUND Extra-Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) therapy is associated with high risk of neurologic injury. But the mechanism of neurologic injury during and/or after ECMO therapy is still unclear. Recent animal experiments confirmed that ECMO treatment increases the immune inflammatory response. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a randomized trial to evaluate the opioid-sparing effect of an intraoperative infusion of dexmedetomidine (DEX) after craniotomy. METHODS Sixty adult patients scheduled for craniotomy were divided randomly into group A (DEX infusion at 0.5 μg/kg/h for 10 min and then adjusted to 0.2 to 0.5 μg/kg/h from tracheal intubation to(More)
Certain motion patterns can cause even simple geometric shapes to be perceived as animate. Viewing such displays evokes strong activation in temporoparietal cortex, including areas in and near the (predominantly right) posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS). These brain regions are sensitive to socially relevant information, but the nature of the social(More)
Two central tasks of visual processing are (1) to segment undifferentiated retinal images into discrete objects, and (2) to represent those objects as the same persisting individuals over time and motion. Here we explore the interaction of these two types of processing in the context of object files*mid-level visual representations that ''stick'' to moving(More)