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COURSE DESCRIPTION: The lecture will start from the basic thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical reaction, with emphasis on the principle and performance of batteries, supercapacitors and fuel cells. The objective of the course is to give the students a solid foundation upon which they will be able to use the modern electrochemistry, fuel cell,(More)
Pdx1 is a homeobox-containing transcription factor that plays a key role in pancreatic development and adult β cell function. In this study, we traced the fate of adult β cells after Pdx1 deletion. As expected, β-cell-specific removal of Pdx1 resulted in severe hyperglycemia within days. Surprisingly, a large fraction of Pdx1-deleted cells rapidly acquired(More)
Psychologists have long been captivated by the perception of animacy - the fact that even simple moving shapes may appear to engage in animate, intentional, and goal-directed movements. Here we report several new types of studies of a particularly salient form of perceived animacy: chasing, in which one shape (the 'wolf') pursues another shape ('the(More)
Trinucleotide repeats (TNRs) are involved in a number of debilitating diseases and disorders, the length of which usually indicates disease severity at gene level. Herein we have developed a novel fluorescent method in this work to evaluate TNRs length polymorphism based on its DNA secondary structure with doxorubicin (Dox) as fluorescent probe. This new(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Hippo signaling pathway is a context-dependent regulator of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in species ranging from Drosophila to humans. In this study, we investigated the role of the core Hippo kinases-Mst1 and Mst2-in pancreatic development and homeostasis. METHODS We used a Cre/LoxP system to create mice with(More)
Imagine a pack of predators stalking their prey. The predators may not always move directly toward their target (e.g., when circling around it), but they may be consistently facing toward it. The human visual system appears to be extremely sensitive to such situations, even in displays involving simple shapes. We demonstrate this by introducing the wolfpack(More)
Visual experience involves not only physical features such as color and shape, but also higher-level properties such as animacy and goal-directedness. Perceiving animacy is an inherently dynamic experience, in part because agents' goal-directed behavior may be frequently in flux-unlike many of their physical properties. How does the visual system maintain(More)
BACKGROUND Extra-Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) therapy is associated with high risk of neurologic injury. But the mechanism of neurologic injury during and/or after ECMO therapy is still unclear. Recent animal experiments confirmed that ECMO treatment increases the immune inflammatory response. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of(More)
We can identify other social agents in our environment not only on the basis of how they look, but also on the basis of how they move — and even simple geometric shapes can give rise to rich percepts of animacy and intentionality based on their motion patterns. But why should we think that such phenomena truly reflect visual processing, as opposed to(More)