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In this work, a novel nonlinear filter, called tri-state median (TSM) filter, is proposed for preserving image details while effectively suppressing impulse noise. We incorporate the standard median (SM) filter and the center weighted median (CWM) filter into a noise detection framework to determine whether a pixel is corrupted, before applying filtering(More)
We present a system that composes a realistic picture from a simple freehand sketch annotated with text labels. The composed picture is generated by seamlessly stitching several photographs in agreement with the sketch and text labels; these are found by searching the Internet. Although online image search generates many inappropriate results, our system is(More)
To validate and extend the findings of the MicroArray Quality Control (MAQC) project, a biologically relevant toxicogenomics data set was generated using 36 RNA samples from rats treated with three chemicals (aristolochic acid, riddelliine and comfrey) and each sample was hybridized to four microarray platforms. The MAQC project assessed concordance in(More)
Synaptic plasticity is a key mechanism for chronic pain. It occurs at different levels of the central nervous system, including spinal cord and cortex. Studies have mainly focused on signaling proteins that trigger these plastic changes, whereas few have addressed the maintenance of plastic changes related to chronic pain. We found that protein kinase M(More)
As the radio spectrum usage paradigm shifting from the traditional command and control allocation scheme to the open spectrum allocation scheme, wireless ad-hoc networks meet new opportunities and challenges. The open spectrum allocation scheme has potential to provide those networks more capacity, and make them more flexible and reliable. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND Human infections with different avian influenza viruses--eg, H5N1, H9N2, and H7N9--have raised concerns about pandemic potential worldwide. We report the first human infection with a novel reassortant avian influenza A H10N8 virus. METHODS We obtained and analysed clinical, epidemiological, and virological data from a patient from Nanchang(More)
Millions of people regularly obtain insufficient sleep. Given the effect of sleep deprivation on our lives, understanding the cellular and molecular pathways affected by sleep deprivation is clearly of social and clinical importance. One of the major effects of sleep deprivation on the brain is to produce memory deficits in learning models that are(More)
A picture is worth one thousand words, but what words should be used to describe the sentiment and emotions conveyed in the increasingly popular social multimedia? We demonstrate a novel system which combines sound structures from psychology and the folksonomy extracted from social multimedia to develop a large visual sentiment ontology consisting of 1,200(More)