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1. Mucositis is a common side-effect of chemotherapy which is difficult to assess except by invasive means such as upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Differential absorption of mono- and di-saccharides, such as rhamnose and lactulose, is a non-invasive measure of intestinal damage. 2. The purpose of the study was to assess the duration and severity of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of carbohydrate malabsorption and bacterial overgrowth in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and abnormal stool pattern referred for breath hydrogen testing. METHODS Results from 89 tests using lactose, sucrose and lactulose in 54 children with CF were compared with 5430 tests on children with non-CF-related stool(More)
Unsuspected bacterial contamination of the small intestine was indicated by breath hydrogen testing in nine patients aged 2 to 34 months during physical examinations for chronic diarrhea and abdominal pain. Elevated bacterial counts of questionable significance were found in duodenal aspirates before and after antibiotic treatment. There was no evidence of(More)
PURPOSE Although radiation enteritis is a well-recognized sequel of therapeutic irradiation, the effects of abdominal and/or pelvic irradiation on gastrointestinal function are poorly defined and treatment is often unsuccessful. To determine both the short- and long-term effects of therapeutic irradiation on gastrointestinal function, we performed a(More)
In 122 healthy newborn infants, we studied the relationship between breath hydrogen (H2) production after feedings containing lactose (human milk or commercial formula) in colicky and noncolicky infants at 6 weeks and 3 months. Eighty-three infants (68%) developed colic (mild, moderate, or severe) by 2.6 +/- 1.8 weeks of age (mean +/- SD). Zero time(More)
Intestinal permeability was assessed before and 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after commencing a gluten-free diet (GFD) in eight coeliac subjects. Intestinal morphology was quantified in six coeliac subjects on a normal diet, six coeliac subjects on a GFD, and 21 normal subjects. T-cell activity was measured in the eight coeliac subjects by soluble interleukin-2(More)
We performed pancreatic function tests on sixty-five cystic fibrosis (CF), and eleven control children. The technique used continuous IV infusion of cholecystokinin and secretin, with duodenal juice collection over a 90 min period, and was made quantitative by continuous duodenal infusion and distal collection of an unabsorbable marker (bromosulphthalein).(More)
More than 80% of patients with cystic fibrosis have poor pancreatic function, and have large daily faecal bile acid losses. This has been postulated to lower luminal bile acid concentrations and adversely affect fat absorption. We studied, for the first time, quantitative individual conjugated duodenal bile acid secretion rates into the duodenum during(More)
Breath hydrogen tests were carried out on 157 children either because they had chronic diarrhea or because they were on disaccharide-free diets. Lactose malabsorption was common in patients with postgastroenteritis syndrome (43%), and sucrose malabsorption was readily detected in patients with congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency. Secondary sucrose(More)
In the assessment of carbohydrate malabsorption, it is important to determine if a flat breath hydrogen test is a false negative result. Currently, the only reliable way to do this is with a lactulose test. We determined the reliability of assessing faecal hydrogen production as an indicator of an adequate in vivo hydrogen producing colonic bacterial flora.(More)