Tanya Pfeiffer

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In certain cell systems, exchange of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Env signal peptide (SP) sequence with that of heterologous SPs has been shown to increase gp120 transport and secretion. Here we demonstrate that exchange of the HIV-Env-SP with those from erythropoietin or tissue plasminogen activator in the proviral context does not increase(More)
Five in-frame stop mutations in the HIV-1 env gene, which lead to the production of env gene products truncated within the cytoplasmic C-terminal tail, have been generated and their effects on membrane fusion capacity, glycoprotein incorporation into virus particles, infectivity, and cytopathogenicity were analyzed. The resulting truncated glycoproteins(More)
The self-assembling protein nanoparticle (SAPN) is an antigen-presenting system that has been shown to be suitable for use as a vaccine platform. The SAPN scaffold is based on the principles of icosahedral symmetry, beginning from a monomeric chain that self-assembles into an ordered oligomeric state. The monomeric chain contains two covalently linked(More)
In this study, specific signals known to mediate endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi localization of transmembrane proteins have been transferred to the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) env gene product. The intracellularly retained recombinant glycoproteins were not proteolytically processed to gp120 and gp41, which is further evidence that this(More)
Within target T lymphocytes, human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) encounters the retroviral restriction factor APOBEC3G (apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3G; A3G), which is counteracted by the HIV-1 accessory protein Vif. Vif is encoded by intron-containing viral RNAs that are generated by splicing at 3' splice site(More)
We have examined the role of the membrane-anchoring domain of the HIV-1 glycoproteins in viral glycoprotein function, glycoprotein incorporation, and viral infectivity. For this purpose, we initially exchanged the entire membrane-spanning region with that from a cellular glycoprotein (CD22). Subsequently, the strictly conserved arginine in the central(More)
Our studies aim to elucidate the functions carried out by the very long, and in its length highly conserved, C-terminal cytoplasmic domain (Env-CT) of the HIV-1 glycoprotein. Mass spectrometric analysis of cellular proteins bound to a tagged version of the HIV Env-CT led to the identification of the prohibitin 1 and 2 proteins (Phb1 and Phb2). These(More)
HIV-derived vectors are of potential clinical relevance due to their ability to transduce nondividing cells in vitro and in vivo. However, the generation of cell lines stably and reproducibly expressing high amounts of defined subviral particles, capable of packaging and transducing HIV-derived vectors, has been hampered by the cytotoxicity of some of the(More)
HIV vaccine strategies which employ pseudovirions (PVs) as the source of antigen require large amounts of particles. These are typically generated by transient transfection of mammalian cells and purification of the released PVs from the culture supernatant. Since efficiency and cost of transfection are key issues, in this report the transfection(More)
Mutants of the haemagglutinin (HA) gene of human influenza virus A/Aichi/2/68 (H3N2) encoding HA proteins that are proteolytically cleaved intracellularly, defective in binding to cellular receptors or defective for acylation within the cytoplasmic C terminus have been generated. Here, the properties of these mutated HA molecules are described and their(More)