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BACKGROUND The Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention was the first national resource to define the nine required components of a comprehensive state tobacco control program. This evaluation examined how states used the guidelines in their program planning, and identifies strengths and… (More)
The use of alcohols and unsaturated reactants for the redox-triggered generation of nucleophile-electrophile pairs represents a broad, new approach to carbonyl addition chemistry. Discrete redox manipulations that are often required for the generation of carbonyl electrophiles and premetalated carbon-centered nucleophiles are thus avoided. Based on this… (More)
Trifluoromethyl substituted allenes engage in ruthenium catalyzed reductive couplings with paraformaldehyde to form products of hydrohydroxymethylation as single regioisomers. This method enables generation of CF3-bearing all-carbon quaternary stereocenters.
Ruthenium-catalyzed hydrogen transfer from 4-aminobutanol to butadiene results in the pairwise generation of 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrole and an allylruthenium complex, which combine to form products of imine anti-crotylation. In couplings of 1-substituted-1,3-dienes, novel C2 regioselectivity is observed. As corroborated by deuterium labeling studies,… (More)
A new benzannulation protocol is described and applied to the synthesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Ruthenium(0)-catalyzed diol-diene [4+2] cycloaddition delivers cyclohex-1-ene-4,5-diols, which are subject to aromatization upon dehydration or Nicholas diol deoxydehydration. Employing diol and tetraol reactants, benzannulation can be conducted… (More)
The C9-C20 segment of the fibrinogen receptor inhibitor tetrafibricin was prepared in 10 steps (longest linear sequence). Ruthenium catalyzed enantioselective syn-crotylation is used to construct C9-C13. Iridium catalyzed asymmetric alcohol C-H allylation of a commercial malic acid derived alcohol is used to construct C14-C20. Recovery and recycling of the… (More)
Commercially available (2-fluoro)allyl chloride serves as an efficient allyl donor in highly enantioselective iridium catalyzed carbonyl (2-fluoro)allylations from the alcohol or aldehyde oxidation level via transfer hydrogenation. Diastereoselective Crabtree hydrogenation of the resulting homoallylic alcohols provides syn-3-fluoro-1-alcohols.
Upon exposure of acrylic ester 1 to alcohols 2a-i in the presence of a cyclometalated iridium catalyst modified by (-)-TMBTP, catalytic C-C coupling occurs, providing enantiomerically enriched 5-substituted α-exo-methylene γ-butyrolactones 3a-i. Bromination of the methylene butyrolactone products followed by zinc-mediated reductive aldehyde addition… (More)
Heteroaromatic secondary alcohols react with isoprene to form products of hydrohydroxyalkylation in the presence of ruthenium(0) catalysts generated from Ru3(CO)12 and tricyclohexylphosphine, enabling direct conversion of secondary to tertiary alcohols in the absence of premetalated reagents or stoichiometric byproducts. The putative oxaruthenacycle… (More)