Tanya L. Wallace

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The cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) is a critical integrator of neural plasticity that is responsive in a brain region-specific manner to a variety of environmental and pharmacological stimuli, including widely prescribed antidepressant medications. We developed inducible transgenic lines of mice that express either CREB or a dominant-negative(More)
Neuronal nicotinic α7 acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChRs) are expressed primarily in the brain and are implicated in modulating many cognitive functions (e.g., attention, working and episodic memory). Not surprisingly, much effort has been committed to the development of molecules acting at α7nAChRs as potential therapies for a variety of central nervous(More)
Calmodulin is a widely distributed, highly active, calcium-binding protein that influences a number of important biological events. Accordingly, agents that inhibit the activity of calmodulin should have profound pharmacological effects. Within the past few years, a number of compounds have been identified that inhibit calmodulin. The most potent of these(More)
Previously, we have shown that rats administered MDMA from postnatal (P) days 11-20 had reductions in body weight during the period of treatment and as adults they had deficits in sequential and spatial learning and memory. In the present study, to control for weight reductions, we used litters with double the number of offspring to induce growth(More)
A number of psychotropic drugs, particularly the phenothiazines and related antipsychotic compounds, inhibit a variety of calmodulin-dependent enzymes. The mechanism by which these compounds inhibit the activity of calmodulin is through a selective calcium-dependent binding to this protein. With the notable exception of certain stereoisomers, compounds that(More)
Elevation of intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) concentrations and subsequent regulation of downstream target gene expression through phosphorylation of cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) is hypothesized to underlie the mechanism(s) of long-term memory (LTM) formation. The phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) enzyme family is believed to(More)
The cyclopropylpyrroloindole analogues are DNA minor-groove binders containing a cyclopropyl group, which mediates N3-adenine covalent adduct formation in a sequence-selective fashion. Carzelesin (U-80244) is a cyclopropylpyrroloindole prodrug containing a relatively nonreactive chloromethyl precursor to the cyclopropyl function. Activation of carzelesin(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic antidepressant administration increases the cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (CREB) in the amygdala, a critical neural substrate involved in the physiologic responses to stress, fear, and anxiety. METHODS To determine the role of CREB in the amygdala in animal models of depression and anxiety, a viral gene(More)
IMPORTANCE In schizophrenia, the severity of negative symptoms is a key predictor of long-term disability. Deficient signaling through the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor is hypothesized to underlie many signs and symptoms associated with schizophrenia in particular negative symptoms. Glycine acts as an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor coagonist. Blockade of the(More)
A promising drug target currently under investigation to improve cognitive deficits in neuropsychiatric and neurological disorders is the neuronal nicotinic alpha7 acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR). Improving cognitive impairments in diseases such as Alzheimer's (AD) and schizophrenia remains a large unmet medical need, and the α7nAChR has many properties(More)