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Research on signed languages offers the opportunity to address many important questions about language that it may not be possible to address via studies of spoken languages alone. Many such studies, however, are inherently limited, because there exist hardly any norms for lexical variables that have appeared to play important roles in spoken language(More)
There is controversy over the specificity of Specific Language Impairment (SLI), and whether it is caused by a deficit general to cognition or in mechanisms specific to language itself. We argue that evidence to resolve these conflicting positions could come from the study of children who are acquiring sign language and have SLI. Whereas speech is(More)
To provide accurate diagnostic screening of deaf people who use signed communication, cognitive tests must be devised in signed languages with normative deaf samples. This article describes the development of the first screening test for the detection of cognitive impairment and dementia in deaf signers. The British Sign Language Cognitive Screening Test(More)
Facial expressions in sign language carry a variety of communicative features. While emotion can modulate a spoken utterance through changes in intonation, duration and intensity, in sign language specific facial expressions presented concurrently with a manual sign perform this function. When deaf adult signers cannot see facial features, their ability to(More)
Several recent studies have suggested that deaf children perform more poorly on working memory tasks compared to hearing children, but these studies have not been able to determine whether this poorer performance arises directly from deafness itself or from deaf children's reduced language exposure. The issue remains unresolved because findings come mostly(More)
Individuals with lesions in the prefrontal cortex often show impairments with the organisation of their behaviour in everyday life. These difficulties can be hard to detect using structured formal tests. The objective of this study was to use Virtual Reality (VR) to explore the multitasking performance of individuals with focal frontal lobe lesions,(More)
A neurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is bleeding into the subarachnoid space from a cerebral aneurysm, defined as a thin-walled outpouching on one of the cerebral arteries. 1 SAH represents 0.8% to 15% of strokes and has a low incidence of 0.03 to 0.2 per 1000 person-years with a female preponderance. 2,3 However, SAH usually occurs at a relatively(More)
Previous research has highlighted that deaf children acquiring spoken English have difficulties in narrative development relative to their hearing peers both in terms of macro-structure and with micro-structural devices. The majority of previous research focused on narrative tasks designed for hearing children that depend on good receptive language skills.(More)
A neurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is bleeding into the subarachnoid space from a cerebral aneurysm, defined as a thin-walled outpouching on one of the cerebral arteries. 1 SAH represents 0.8% to 15% of strokes and has a low incidence of 0.03 to 0.2 per 1000 person-years with a female preponderance. 2,3 However, SAH usually occurs at a relatively(More)
Studies have suggested that language and executive function (EF) are strongly associated. Indeed, the two are difficult to separate, and it is particularly difficult to determine whether one skill is more dependent on the other. Deafness provides a unique opportunity to disentangle these skills because in this case, language difficulties have a sensory not(More)
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