Learn More
The alpha 1-adrenergic receptors activate a phospholipase C enzyme by coupling to members of the large molecular size (approximately 74 to 80 kilodaltons) G alpha h family of guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins. Rat liver G alpha h is now shown to be a tissue transglutaminase type II (TGase II). The transglutaminase activity of rat liver TGase II(More)
Thymoquinone (TQ), a major active constituent of black seeds of Nigella sativa, has potential medical applications including spectrum of therapeutic properties against different cancers. However, little is known about their effect on breast cancer cell migration, which is the cause of over 90% of deaths worldwide. Herein, we have synthesized TQ-encapsulated(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms of curcumin-induced human breast cancer cell apoptosis. From quantitative image analysis data showing an increase in the percentage of cells with a sub-G0/G1 DNA content, we demonstrated curcumin-induced apoptosis in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7, in which expression of wild-type p53 could be(More)
In vitro infection of murine peritoneal macrophages with the protozoan Leishmania donovani has been found to alter the signaling parameters of the host. The present study indicates that the enhancement of intracellular ceramide level in macrophages after infection is a major event relating to macrophage dysfunction. We have previously demonstrated that(More)
Multiple mechanisms have been proposed to account for immune escape by tumors. Although gangliosides have long been known to suppress T-cell immunity, few studies have examined the effect of human tumor-derived gangliosides on immune responses. Here, we show that gangliosides isolated from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines and clear cell tumor tissue(More)
The clinical efficacy of the widely used chemotherapeutic drug methotrexate (MTX) is limited due to its associated hepatotoxicity. Pomegranate polyphenols are of huge health benefits and known to possess remarkable antioxidant properties capable of protecting normal cells from various stimuli-induced oxidative stress and cell death. In this study, we(More)
Our previous studies on alpha 1-adrenoceptor-mediated signaling suggested that Gh is a signal mediator. Gh consists of a 74-kDa GTP-binding alpha-subunit and a 50-kDa beta-subunit. Studies using the alpha 1-agonist-receptor-G-protein ternary complexes from various tissues and species revealed that the intensity (GTP-binding) of the [alpha-32P]GTP-labeled(More)
TAMs, present in the tumor microenvironment, play an immunosuppressive role, leading to tumor progression and metastasis. Recently, numerous attempts have been made to switch immunosuppressive TAMs into an immunostimulatory type. Previously, we showed that a copper chelate, viz., copper N-(2-hydroxy acetophenone) glycinate [CuNG], can reprogram TAMs toward(More)
Tumors are multifaceted; in fact, numerous things happen in synchrony to enable tumor promotion and progression. Any type of cancer is associated with the modification of 300-500 normal genes and characterized by the deregulation of cell signaling pathways at multiple steps leading to cancer phenotype. Thus a proper management of tumorigenesis requires the(More)
Tumor-suppressive miR-34a, a direct target of p53, has been shown to target several molecules of cell survival pathways. Here, we show that capsaicin-induced oxidative DNA damage culminates in p53 activation to up-regulate expression of miR-34a in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells. Functional analyses further indicate that restoration of miR-34a(More)