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Axons and their synapses distal to an injury undergo rapid Wallerian degeneration, but axons in the C57BL/WldS mouse are protected. The degenerative and protective mechanisms are unknown. We identified the protective gene, which encodes an N-terminal fragment of ubiquitination factor E4B (Ube4b) fused to nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase(More)
Exons of three genes were identified within the 85-kilobase tandem triplication unit of the slow Wallerian degeneration mutant mouse, C57BL/Wld(S). Ubiquitin fusion degradation protein 2 (Ufd2) and a previously undescribed gene, D4Cole1e, span the proximal and distal boundaries of the repeat unit, respectively. They have the same chromosomal orientation and(More)
We determined expression and function of a cell membrane protein in the developing chick retinotectal system identified by a monoclonal antibody (mAb 4H5) and the corresponding antiserum. Our data revealed that the protein shares a series of properties, including the N-terminal amino acid sequence, with a cell adhesion molecule termed DM-GRASP, SC1, BEN,(More)
For the development of the nervous system it is crucial that growth cones detect environmental information and react by altering their growth direction. The latter process is thought to depend on local stabilization of growth cone microtubules. We have obtained evidence of a role for the microtubule-associated protein MAP1B, in particular a mode 1(More)
Like most other cells, neurons possess a spectrin/actin based network closely associated with the inner side of the cell membrane, the cortical cytoskeleton. This structure serves many diverse functions during axonal outgrowth. In the growth cone, the cortical cytoskeleton is involved in surface shaping, modulation of integral membrane proteins, and signal(More)
The immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) gene rearrangement in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) provides a unique molecular signature; however, we demonstrate that 26/198 CLL patients (13%) had more than one IGH rearrangement, indicating the power of molecular technology over phenotypic analysis. Single-cell PCR analysis and next-generation immuno-sequencing(More)
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