Tanner M. Schaub

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Decades of quantitative measurement indicate that roots can mechanically reinforce shallow soils in forested landscapes. Forests, however, have variations in vegetation species and age which can dominate the local stability of landslide-initiation sites. To assess the influence of this variability on root cohesion we examined scarps of landslides triggered(More)
Lipidomics can complement genomics and proteomics by providing new insight into dynamic changes in biomembranes; however, few reports in the literature have explored, on an organism-wide scale, the functional link between nonenzymatic proteins and cellular lipids. Here, we report changes induced by adenovirus-delivered wild-type p53 gene and chemotherapy of(More)
Biofuels derived from non-crop sources, such as microalgae, offer their own advantages and limitations. Despite high growth rates and lipid accumulation, microalgae cultivation still requires more energy than it produces. Furthermore, invading organisms can lower efficiency of algae production. Simple environmental changes might be able to increase algae(More)
The accumulation of carbon storage compounds by many unicellular algae after nutrient deprivation occurs despite declines in their photosynthetic apparatus. To understand the regulation and roles of photosynthesis during this potentially bioenergetically valuable process, we analyzed photosynthetic structure and function after nitrogen deprivation in the(More)
An in situ transesterification approach was demonstrated for converting lipid-rich wet algae (Nannochloropsis salina) into fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) under microwave-mediated supercritical ethanol conditions, while preserving the nutrients and other valuable components in the algae. This single-step process can simultaneously and effectively extract the(More)
Induced resistance in plants is a systemic response to certain microorganisms or chemicals that enhances basal defense responses during subsequent plant infection by pathogens. Inoculation of chile pepper with zoospores of non-host Phytophthora nicotianae or the chemical elicitor beta-aminobutyric acid (BABA) significantly inhibited foliar blight caused by(More)
Induction of oil accumulation in algae for biofuel production is often achieved by withholding nitrogen. However, withholding nitrogen often reduces total biomass yield. In this report, it is demonstrated that Chlorella sorokiniana will not only accumulate substantial quantities of neutral lipids when grown in the absence of nitrogen but will also exhibit(More)
We describe the design and current performance of a 14.5 T hybrid linear quadrupole ion trap Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer. Ion masses are routinely determined at 4-fold better mass accuracy and 2-fold higher resolving power than similar 7 T systems at the same scan rate. The combination of high magnetic field and strict(More)
Solution-phase hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) monitored by high-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometry offers a rapid method to study protein conformations and protein-protein interactions. Pepsin is usually used to digest proteins in HDX and is known for lack of cleavage specificity. To improve digestion(More)
T-1-family conotoxins belong to the T-superfamily and are composed of 10-17 amino acids. They share a common cysteine framework and disulfide connectivity and exhibit unusual posttranslational modifications, such as tryptophan bromination, glutamic acid carboxylation, and threonine glycosylation. We have isolated and characterized a novel peptide, Mo1274,(More)