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Current methods for diagnosing transmissible spongiform encephalopathies rely on the degradation of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) and the subsequent detection of the protease-resistant remnant of the pathological prion isoform PrP(Sc) by antibodies that react with all forms of PrP. We report on a monoclonal antibody, V5B2, raised against a peptide(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection can cause gastritis, peptic ulcer and can lead to gastric cancer. Lengthy antibiotic therapy does not protect the host against reinfection. H. pylori evolved to evade the recognition of the immune response by modifying several of its components whose orthologous proteins from other bacteria activate the innate immune response.(More)
A specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) V5B2 that discriminates between brain tissue of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease patients and that from normal controls without proteinase K digestion has been prepared using a 13-residue synthetic peptide P1 from the primary structure of human PrP. In the light of the specific interaction between mAb V5B2 and the pathological(More)
The main step in the pathogenesis of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) is the conformational change of the normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into the abnormal isoform, named prion (PrP(Sc)). Since PrP is a highly conserved protein, the production of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) of high specificity and affinity to PrP is a difficult task.(More)
The main cause for the development of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) is the conformational change of prion protein from the normal cellular isoform (PrP(C)) into the abnormal isoform, named prion (PrP(Sc)). The two isoforms have the same primary structure, and with PrP being highly conserved among different species, no immune response to(More)
BACKGROUND The accumulation of the misfolded forms of cellular prion protein, i.e. prions (PrPSc), in the brain is one of the crucial characteristics of fatal neurodegenerative disorders, called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Cellular prion protein is normally linked to the cell surface by the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor.(More)
Murine monoclonal antibody V5B2 which specifically recognizes the pathogenic form of the prion protein represents a potentially valuable tool in diagnostics or therapy of prion diseases. As murine antibodies elicit immune response in human, only modified forms can be used for therapeutic applications. We humanized a single-chain V5B2 antibody using variable(More)
Prion diseases are a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders that affect humans and animals. They are characterized by the accumulation in the central nervous system of a pathological form of the host-encoded prion protein (PrP(C)). The prion protein is a membrane glycoprotein that consists of two domains: a globular, structured C-terminus and an(More)
Campylobacter-specific bacteriophages (phages) are considered as an alternative intervention strategy to decrease the level of poultry contamination with Campylobacter, a leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. Eradication efficiency depends primarily on phage-host interaction mediated by phage tail-spike proteins and bacterial receptors. Here, this(More)
In certain cases, anti-idiotypic antibodies that recognize an antigen-combining site of an antibody can mimic the structure and/or function of certain nominal antigens. This feature makes them particularly useful if conventional experimental approaches fail to fulfil expectations, especially when the molecule of interest is infectious, toxic or difficult to(More)