Tanja S. Zabka

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A set of best practices for the conduct of histopathology evaluation in nonclinical safety studies was endorsed by the Society of Toxicologic Pathology (STP) in 2004. These best practices indicate that the study pathologist should have knowledge of the treatment group and access to all available study-related data for the animal from which the tissue was(More)
P38alpha is a protein kinase that regulates the expression of inflammatory cytokines, suggesting a role in the pathogenesis of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus. Here, we describe the preclinical pharmacology of pamapimod, a novel p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor. Pamapimod inhibited p38alpha and(More)
The cellular function of kinases combined with the difficulty of designing selective small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMKIs) poses a challenge for drug development. The late-stage attrition of SMKIs could be lessened by integrating safety information of kinases into the lead optimization stage of drug development. Herein, a mathematical model to predict(More)
Animal models of human disease are commonly utilized to gain insight into the potential efficacy and mode of action of novel pharmaceuticals. However, conventional (healthy) rodent and nonrodent models are generally utilized in nonclinical safety testing. Animal models of human disease may be helpful in understanding safety risks of compounds in nonclinical(More)
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is a pleiotropic protein with intra- and extra-cellular functions as an enzyme, cytokine, growth factor, and hormone. NAMPT is of interest for oncology, because it catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the salvage pathway to generate nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), which is considered a universal energy-(More)
Preclinical evaluation of a new compound, RO2910, identified a hypertrophic response in liver, thyroid gland, and pituitary gland (pars distalis). We aimed to develop and validate automated image analysis methods to quantify and refine the interpretation of semi-quantitative histology. Wistar-Han rats were administered RO2910 for 14 days. Liver, thyroid,(More)
Myocardial mononuclear cell infiltrate is a spontaneous cardiac finding commonly identified in laboratory cynomolgus monkeys. The infiltrates are predominantly composed of macrophages with lesser lymphocytes and are not typically associated with histologically detectable cardiomyocyte degeneration. These infiltrates are of concern because they confound(More)
In many species females choose a mate from among several available males; in other species, the social system provides no apparent opportunity for making a decision among alternative suitors, and decision-making capacity is assumed to be minimal. The origins, bases, and logic of female mate choices are contentious questions with important cognitive(More)
Biomarkers can facilitate all aspects of the drug development process. However, biomarker qualification-the use of a biomarker that is accepted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration-needs a clear, predictable process. We describe a multistakeholder effort including government, industry, and academia that proposes a framework for defining the amount of(More)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is an essential co-factor in glycolysis and is a key molecule involved in maintaining cellular energy metabolism. Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) catalyzes the rate-limiting step of an important salvage pathway in which nicotinamide is recycled into NAD. NAMPT is up-regulated in many types of cancer and(More)