Tanja Rossmann-Bloeck

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TLRs are considered important for the control of immune responses during endotoxic shock or polymicrobial sepsis. Signaling by TLRs may proceed through the adapter proteins MyD88 or TIR domain-containing adaptor inducinng IFN-beta. Both pathways can lead to the production of type I IFNs (IFN-alphabeta). In the present study, the role of the type I IFN(More)
The innate immune system uses Toll-like receptors (TLRs) to activate and instruct immune responses against microbial pathogens. Administration of TLR agonists to mice induces a state of hyporesponsiveness, or tolerance, characterized by reduced cytokine production upon subsequent second challenge. The present study examined the effects of pre-treatment of(More)
The signaling adapters MyD88 and TRIF are engaged by TLRs and/or receptors of the IL-1 family and are considered important for innate immune responses that combat bacterial infections. Here, the consequences of a combined MyD88 and TRIF deficiency for the innate immune response against severe septic peritonitis was examined. We demonstrate that(More)
Although global MyD88 deficiency attenuates lethal inflammation in sepsis, cell-specific functions of MyD88 remain largely unknown. Using mice with selective expression of MyD88 in myeloid cells (Myd88(MYEL)), we show that, during polymicrobial septic peritonitis, both myeloid and nonmyeloid cells contribute to systemic inflammation, whereas myeloid cell(More)
Effective immunosuppressive therapy is essential to prevent transplant rejection but renders patients vulnerable to opportunistic infections. The present study investigates the effects of common immunosuppressive drugs on the course of septic peritonitis in an experimental mouse model. We show that treatment with a combination of tacrolimus, mycophenolate(More)
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