Tanja Mayer

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OBJECTIVES This study sought to estimate rates of cervical cancer and Papanicolaou testing among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women in Manitoba, Canada. METHODS Data were derived through linking of administrative databases. RESULTS In comparison with non-Aboriginal women, Aboriginal women had 1.8 and 3.6 times the age-standardized incidence rates of in(More)
Anticholinergic drugs are known to cause physical and cognitive impairment, particularly in older patients. The total of all anticholinergic influences to which a patient is exposed is referred to as anticholinergic load. Because the anticholinergic load is defined in various ways, this review aimed to describe differences in the development and evaluation(More)
OBJECTIVE A patient's risk for anticholinergic adverse effects is frequently estimated by instruments evaluating the drugs included in his medication profile. It remains unknown, however, which characteristics should be included in such an assessment instrument aiming to reliably predict adverse anticholinergic outcomes. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. (More)
OBJECTIVE Bladder cancer responds favourably to treatment and has a good survival rate, provided it is diagnosed at an early stage. Established methods exist for the early detection, however, their specificity and positive predictive value are not yet satisfactory. Innovative markers have been proposed, but still require validation in prospective studies.(More)
The present review assessed the evidence on risk factors for the occurrence of adverse health outcomes after discharge (i.e. unplanned readmission or adverse drug event after discharge) that are potentially modifiable by clinical pharmacist interventions. The findings were compared with patient characteristics reported in guidelines that supposedly indicate(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the perioperative course of urine levels of the renal damage biomarkers tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) and to evaluate the predictive value of elevated TIMP-2 × IGFBP7 concentrations to predict acute kidney injury (AKI) early after cardiac on-pump surgery. (More)
OBJECTIVE The anticholinergic activity (AA) assay is a common method to determine a patient's anticholinergic load. Several limitations, however, are expected when applying the AA assay to patients or using drug scales to estimate anticholinergic burden based on AA levels. This study aims to demonstrate common pitfalls in an experimental setting and outline(More)
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