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Gata2 and Gata3 belong to the Gata family of transcription factors in vertebrates that bind to a consensus "GATA" DNA sequence. The Gata3 gene is one of the earliest markers for the developing mouse inner ear. Ear morphogenesis is blocked in Gata3-deficient embryos, whereas nothing was known of the role of Gata2 in mouse inner ear. Here, we have compared(More)
Cyclase-associated proteins (CAPs) are highly conserved actin monomer binding proteins present in all eukaryotes. However, the mechanism by which CAPs contribute to actin dynamics has been elusive. In mammals, the situation is further complicated by the presence of two CAP isoforms whose differences have not been characterized. Here, we show that CAP1 is(More)
Inner ear develops from an induced surface ectoderm placode that invaginates and closes to form the otic vesicle, which then undergoes a complex morphogenetic process to form the membranous labyrinth. Inner ear morphogenesis is severely affected in Gata3 deficient mouse embryos, but the onset and basis of the phenotype has not been known. We show here that(More)
Twinfilin is a highly conserved actin monomer-binding protein that regulates cytoskeletal dynamics in organisms from yeast to mammals. In addition to the previously characterized mammalian twinfilin-1, a second protein with approximately 65% sequence identity to twinfilin-1 exists in mouse and humans. However, previous studies failed to identify any actin(More)
Netrin 1 plays key roles in axon guidance and neuronal migration during central nervous system (CNS) development. Outside the CNS, Netrin 1 has been shown to be involved in epithelial morphogenesis of various organs. We have shown that Netrin 1 is essential for inner ear semicircular duct formation, but the involvement of Netrin 1 receptors in this process(More)
Cyclase-associated proteins (CAPs) are highly conserved actin monomer binding proteins present in all eukaryotes. However, the mechanism by which CAPs contribute to actin dynamics has been elusive. In mammals, the situation is further complicated by the presence of two CAP isoforms whose differences have not been characterized. Here, we show that CAP1 is(More)
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