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BACKGROUND Injuries in childhood and adolescence are frequent and the knee is one of the most common sites of injuries. This study aimed to analyze the epidemiology, gender distribution, age, and circumstances of knee injuries in childhood at a Level I Trauma Center in Austria. METHODS All pediatric and adolescent trauma patients who presented in a 2-year(More)
Type A fractures of the spine requiring operative stabilization are rare injuries in the pediatric population. Current reports have demonstrated the safety of the combination of balloon kyphoplasty and minimal invasive management of thoraco-lumbar fractures in adults. There is no information about the efficacy of this approach in managing pediatric(More)
This study investigates the bone and tissue response to degrading magnesium pin implants in the growing rat skeleton by continuous in vivo microfocus computed tomography (μCT) monitoring over the entire pin degradation period, with special focus on bone remodeling after implant dissolution. The influence of gas release on tissue performance upon degradation(More)
Although equinus gait is the most common abnormality in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) there is no consistency in recommendations for treatment, and evidence for best practice is lacking. The Baumann procedure allows selective fractional lengthening of the gastrocnemii and soleus muscles but the long-term outcome is not known. We followed a group(More)
OBJECTIVE Reconstruction of the anatomic axis of the upper extremity and preservation or improvement of elbow function. INDICATIONS Supracondylar axial deviation (cubitus varus/valgus). Limitation of range of motion. Cosmetic impairment. Psychological problems due to deformity. CONTRAINDICATIONS Degenerative changes of the elbow joint in adolescents and(More)
BACKGROUND Unstable meniscal tears are rare injuries in skeletally immature patients. Loss of a meniscus increases the risk of subsequent development of degenerative changes in the knee. This study deals with the outcome of intraarticular meniscal repair and factors that affect healing. Parameters of interest were type and location of the tear and also the(More)
BACKGROUND Dislocations of the sternoclavicular joint are rare injuries caused by massive forces applied to the joint. A high rate of complications has been reported following this injury emphasizing the importance of an accurate diagnosis and therapy. METHODS We report a series of patients with chronic anterior or posterior sternoclavicular instability(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In skeletally immature patients, surgical options due to recurrent patella dislocation are limited, because bony procedures bear the risk of growth disturbances. In this retrospective study, we report the long-term functional and radiographic outcome in skeletally immature patients using the modified Grammont surgical technique. (More)
INTRODUCTION Injections into the subtalar joint may be performed for diagnostic or therapeutic reasons. The anterolateral approach is most commonly utilised for this purpose. We evaluated the success of an intra-articular puncture by using the anterolateral in comparison to the posterolateral approach. METHODS Sixty-eight cadaver adult feet were used for(More)
BACKGROUND Injections of the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) are performed routinely in patients with ACJ arthritis, both diagnostically and therapeutically. The aim of this prospective controlled study was to estimate the frequency of successful intra-articular ACJ injections with the aid of sonographic guidance versus non-guided ACJ injections. MATERIALS(More)