Tanja Kautenburger

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Butyrate, one of the major products of gut fermentation, is known to inhibit proliferation, induce apoptosis and differentiation, and increase phase II enzyme activities in tumor cells, whereas little information is available on protective effects in less-transformed colon cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the chemoprotective mechanism(More)
Colorectal cancer is the most abundant cause of cancer mortality in the Western world. Nutrition and the microbial flora are considered to have a marked influence on the risk of colorectal cancer, the formation of butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) possibly playing a major role as chemopreventive products of microbial fermentation in the(More)
Butyrate, formed by bacterial fermentation of plant foods, has been suggested to reduce colon cancer risks by suppressing the proliferation of tumor cells. In addition, butyrate has been shown to induce glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) in tumor cell lines, which may contribute to the detoxification of dietary carcinogens. We hypothesize that butyrate also(More)
The transmembrane protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) DEP-1 (density-enhanced phosphatase) is a candidate tumor suppressor in the colon epithelium. We have explored the function of DEP-1 in colon epithelial cells by inducible re-expression in a DEP-1-deficient human colon cancer cell line. Density-enhanced phosphatase-1 re-expression led to profound(More)
Purpose: The gut fermentation product of dietary fiber, butyrate, inhibits growth of HT29, an established tumor cell line. It also induces detoxifying enzymes belonging to the glutathione S-transferase family (GSTs), namely hGSTM2, hGSTP1, hGSTA4, but not of hGSTT1 . Here we investigated kinetics of effects in HT29 and compared sensitivities with(More)
BACKGROUND Apples are the most widely consumed fruits in Germany and various other countries. Positive health effects of apple-derived polyphenols in vivo depend on their absorption, metabolism, distribution, and elimination from the body after consumption. Data on the metabolism of these polyphenols in humans are scarce. In order to study the intestinal(More)
OBJECTIVE Butyrate plays a major role among the short-chained fatty acids formed by the microbial flora of the colon. It is considered to be an important nutrient of the colon mucosa and has been shown to trigger differentiation and apoptosis of colon-derived cells in culture. Inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDAC) seems to play a central role in these(More)
Flavonoids from fruits and vegetables probably reduce risks of diseases associated with oxidative stress, including cancer. Apples contain significant amounts of flavonoids with antioxidative potential. The objectives of this study were to investigate such compounds for properties associated with reduction of cancer risks. We report herein that apple(More)
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