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The structural organization of cellular membranes has an essential influence on their functionality. The membrane surfaces currently are considered to consist of various distinct patches, which play an important role in many processes, however, not all parameters such as size and distribution are fully determined. In this study, purple membrane (PM) patches(More)
Tip-enhanced Raman scattering (TERS) enables the label-free investigation of biochemical interfaces with nanometer lateral resolution by combining the benefits of the intrinsic molecular specificity of Raman spectroscopy, the sensitivity because of signal enhancing capabilities of plasmonic nanoparticles, and the precision of scanning probe microscopy. The(More)
Heterogeneous catalysts play a pivotal role in the chemical industry, but acquiring molecular insights into functioning catalysts remains a significant challenge. Recent advances in micro-spectroscopic approaches have allowed spatiotemporal information to be obtained on the dynamics of single active sites and the diffusion of single molecules. However,(More)
Tip-enhanced Raman scattering (TERS) is a powerful technique to obtain molecular information on a nanometer scale, however, the technique has been limited to cell surfaces, viruses, and isolated molecules. Here we show that TERS can be used to probe hemozoin crystals at less than 20 nm spatial resolution in the digestive vacuole of a sectioned malaria(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by the pathological deposition of fibrillized protein, known as amyloids. It is thought that oligomers and/or amyloid fibrils formed from human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP or amylin) cause cell death by membrane damage. The molecular structure of hIAPP amyloid fibrils is dominated by β-sheet structure, as(More)
TERS (tip-enhanced Raman scattering) provides exceptional spatial resolution without any need for labelling and has become a versatile tool for biochemical analysis. Two examples will be highlighted here. On the one hand, TERS measurements on a single mitochondrion are discussed, monitoring the oxidation state of the central iron ion of cytochrome c,(More)
The correct glycosylation of biopharmaceutical glycoproteins and their formulations is essential for them to have the desired therapeutic effect on the patient. It has recently been shown that Raman spectroscopy can be used to quantify the proportion of glycosylated protein from mixtures of native and glycosylated forms of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease(More)
Tip-enhanced Raman scattering (TERS) has become a powerful tool for nanoscale structural analysis for several branches of organic, inorganic, and biological chemistry. This highly sensitive technique enables molecular characterization with a lateral resolution far beyond Abbe's diffraction limit and correlates structural and topographic information on a(More)
Amyloid fibrils associated with many neurodegenerative diseases are the most intriguing targets of modern structural biology. Significant knowledge has been accumulated about the morphology and fibril-core structure recently. However, no conventional methods could probe the fibril surface despite its significant role in the biological activity. Tip-enhanced(More)
The development of novel DNA sequencing methods is one of the ongoing challenges in various fields of research seeking to address the demand for sequence information. However, many of these techniques rely on some kind of labeling or amplification steps. Here we investigate the intrinsic properties of tip-enhanced Raman scattering (TERS) towards the(More)