Tanja Botić

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As shown in many intervention studies, probiotic bacteria can have a beneficial effect on rotavirus and HIV-induced diarrhoea. In spite of that fact, antiviral effects of probiotic bacteria have not been systematically studied yet. Non-tumorigenic porcine intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) and alveolar macrophages (3D4/2) were treated in different(More)
Macrophages are an important cellular component of the innate immune system and are normally rapidly recruited and/or activated at the site of virus infection. They can participate in the antiviral response by killing infected cells, by producing antiviral cytokines such as nitric oxide and by producing chemokines and immunoregulatory cytokines that enable(More)
Wallemia sebi is a xerotolerant, ubiquitous, food-borne, mycotoxigenic fungus. An ethanol extract of its mycelium demonstrated a strong hemolytic activity, which was further enhanced at high salt concentrations in the growth medium. Characterization of the extract using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed a mixture of sterols and unsaturated fatty(More)
This report describes the total and facile synthesis of the unsaturated keto and exomethylene pyranonucleoside analogues, 1-(2,3,4-trideoxy-4-methylene-6-O-trityl-alpha-D-glycero-hex-2-enopyranosyl)uracil (10), 1-(2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glycero-hex-2-enopyranosyl-4-ulose)uracil (17) and 1-(2,3,4-trideoxy-4-methylene-alpha-D-glycero-hex-2-enopyranosyl)uracil(More)
The brominated pyrroloiminoquinone alkaloids discorhabdins B, L and G and 3-dihydro-7,8- dehydrodiscorhabdin C, isolated from methanol extracts of two specimens of Latrunculia sp. sponges collected near the Antarctic Peninsula, are here demonstrated for the first time to be reversible competitive inhibitors of cholinesterases. They showed Ki for electric(More)
A new series of unsaturated pyranonucleosides with an exocyclic methylene group and thymine as heterocyclic base have been designed and synthesized. d-Galactose (1) was readily transformed in three steps into the corresponding 1-(beta-d-galactopyranosyl)thymine (2). Selective protection of the primary hydroxyl group of 2 with a t-butyldimethylsilyl (TBDMS)(More)
Fungi produce a diverse array of metabolites – small molecules that are not necessary for normal growth or development. Some are exploited for their antibiotic and pharmaceutical activities; others are involved in disease interactions with plants or animals and are better known as mycotoxins. Supercritical fluid extraction, especially with supercritical CO2(More)
We report on the screening for biological activities of organic extracts from seven strains that represent four varieties of the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans, that is A. pullulans var. melanogenum, A. pullulans var. pullulans, A. pullulans var. subglaciale and A. pullulans var. namibiae. We monitored haemolysis, cytotoxicity, antioxidant capacity and(More)
1,2:5,6-Di-O-isopropylidene-alpha-d-glucofuranose on mild oxidation, reduction, fluorination, and deisopropylidenation followed by acetylation gave peracetylated 3-deoxy-3-fluoro-d-glucopyranose. This was coupled with silylated N(4)-benzoyl cytosine. The nucleoside was deacetylated and after several subsequent protection and deprotection steps afforded the(More)
The fatty acid composition of marine cold-water sponges of genus Latrunculia, namely Latrunculia bocagei Ridley and Dendy, 1886, and Latrunculia biformis Kirkpatrick, 1907, for which no fatty acid data had been previously reported, has been examined. High levels of long-chain fatty acids (C24–30) with high unsaturation levels (mainly polyunsaturation), and(More)