Tanja B. Grammer

Learn More
Using genome-wide data from 253,288 individuals, we identified 697 variants at genome-wide significance that together explained one-fifth of the heritability for adult height. By testing different numbers of variants in independent studies, we show that the most strongly associated ∼2,000, ∼3,700 and ∼9,500 SNPs explained ∼21%, ∼24% and ∼29% of phenotypic(More)
Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip(More)
AIMS Elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk in the general population. We aimed to elucidate whether PTH levels are associated with mortality and fatal cardiovascular events in patients referred for coronary angiography. METHODS AND RESULTS Intact PTH was measured in 3232 Caucasian patients from(More)
BACKGROUND Antihypertensive and tissue-protective properties of vitamin D metabolites are increasingly attributed to the inhibition of renin synthesis by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] in the kidney. METHOD We aimed to document a potential association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], 1,25(OH)2D and the circulating renin-angiotensin system(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental evidence suggests that soluble klotho (s-klotho), a co-receptor for fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), may modulate cardiovascular risk through multiple mechanisms. However, the predictive value of s-klotho in patients remains unclear. Therefore, the present study examined in a large cohort of patients referred for coronary(More)
Vascular endothelium plays a crucial role in ensuring normal function and morphology of blood vessels, and many risk factors of atherosclerosis act via their effects on endothelial cells. However, endothelial dysfunction is induced by very different pathomechanisms. In principle, it is caused by an impaired bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) due to an(More)
CONTEXT Low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and free testosterone (FT) are both associated with increased mortality. Experimental studies show a complex interplay of vitamin D and androgen metabolism suggesting that a deficiency of both hormones may be associated with a particularly adverse clinical outcome. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of(More)
OBJECTIVE Optimal vitamin D levels are associated with reduced cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. We investigated whether optimal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) is protective in individuals with the metabolic syndrome. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health (LURIC) study is a cohort study of subjects referred for(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency is found in the majority of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may contribute to various chronic diseases. Current guidelines suggest correcting reduced 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in CKD patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Whether low 25(OH)D levels(More)
AIMS Previous risk assessment scores for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have focused on primary prevention and patients with acute coronary syndrome. However, especially in stable CAD patients improved long-term risk prediction is crucial to efficiently apply measures of secondary prevention. We aimed to create a clinically applicable mortality(More)