Tanja Astrid Treschan

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Vasopressin, synthesized in the hypothalamus, is released by increased plasma osmolality, decreased arterial pressure, and reductions in cardiac volume. Three subtypes of vasopressin receptors, V1, V2, and V3, have been identified, mediating vasoconstriction, water reabsorption, and central nervous system effects, respectively. Vasopressin and its analogs(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged postoperative decrease in lung function is common after major upper abdominal surgery. Evidence suggests that ventilation with low tidal volumes may limit the damage during mechanical ventilation. We compared postoperative lung function of patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery, mechanically ventilated with high or low tidal(More)
BACKGROUND Despite long-term use of argatroban in clinical practice, no dosing recommendations exist for critically ill patients with multiple organ dysfunction (MODS) and suspected or proven heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). OBJECTIVE To determine the suitability of argatroban use in critically ill patients with MODS and HIT. METHODS We conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Protective mechanical ventilation strategies using low tidal volume or high levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) improve outcomes for patients who have had surgery. The role of the driving pressure, which is the difference between the plateau pressure and the level of positive end-expiratory pressure is not known. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies show that intraoperative mechanical ventilation using low tidal volumes (VT) can prevent postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). The aim of this individual patient data meta-analysis is to evaluate the individual associations between VT size and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level and occurrence of PPC. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a distressing problem after strabismus surgery. An inspired oxygen fraction has been reported to decrease PONV in patients after colon resection and to be more effective than ondansetron after gynecologic laparoscopy. Therefore, in a randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled study, the authors tested(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrous oxide rapidly inflates gas-filled spaces such as the intestines; but whether the resulting bowel distension is clinically important remains unclear. We therefore tested the hypothesis that nitrous oxide produces clinically important bowel distension. METHODS Patients scheduled for colon resection were anesthetized with isoflurane and(More)
Die nichtinvasive Ventilation (NIV) ist eine evidenzbasierte Therapie der akuten respiratorischen Insuffizienz (ARI), die die Morbidität und Letalität der Erkrankung reduzieren kann. Während für die klinische NIV eine S3-Leitlinie vorliegt, existieren aufgrund fehlender Daten keine Empfehlungen zur Anwendung in der präklinischen Situation (pNIV). Anhand(More)
AIMS Transient ischaemia of non-vital tissue has been shown to enhance the tolerance of remote organs to cope with a subsequent prolonged ischaemic event in a number of clinical conditions, a phenomenon known as remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC). However, there remains uncertainty about the efficacy of RIPC in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The(More)