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BACKGROUND Protective mechanical ventilation strategies using low tidal volume or high levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) improve outcomes for patients who have had surgery. The role of the driving pressure, which is the difference between the plateau pressure and the level of positive end-expiratory pressure is not known. We investigated the(More)
Vasopressin, synthesized in the hypothalamus, is released by increased plasma osmolality, decreased arterial pressure, and reductions in cardiac volume. Three subtypes of vasopressin receptors, V1, V2, and V3, have been identified, mediating vasoconstriction, water reabsorption, and central nervous system effects, respectively. Vasopressin and its analogs(More)
BACKGROUND Despite long-term use of argatroban in clinical practice, no dosing recommendations exist for critically ill patients with multiple organ dysfunction (MODS) and suspected or proven heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). OBJECTIVE To determine the suitability of argatroban use in critically ill patients with MODS and HIT. METHODS We conducted(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the risk or discomfort associated with a clinical trial influence patients' decisions to participate. Simultaneously, we evaluated factors likely to influence patients' decisions such as understanding of the risk and discomfort associated with the study, patient age, educational level, and psychological status. With IRB(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies show that intraoperative mechanical ventilation using low tidal volumes (VT) can prevent postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). The aim of this individual patient data meta-analysis is to evaluate the individual associations between VT size and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level and occurrence of PPC. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrous oxide rapidly inflates gas-filled spaces such as the intestines; but whether the resulting bowel distension is clinically important remains unclear. We therefore tested the hypothesis that nitrous oxide produces clinically important bowel distension. METHODS Patients scheduled for colon resection were anesthetized with isoflurane and(More)
AIMS Transient ischaemia of non-vital tissue has been shown to enhance the tolerance of remote organs to cope with a subsequent prolonged ischaemic event in a number of clinical conditions, a phenomenon known as remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC). However, there remains uncertainty about the efficacy of RIPC in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged postoperative decrease in lung function is common after major upper abdominal surgery. Evidence suggests that ventilation with low tidal volumes may limit the damage during mechanical ventilation. We compared postoperative lung function of patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery, mechanically ventilated with high or low tidal(More)
BACKGROUND Lung injury is a serious complication of surgery. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether incidence, morbidity, and in-hospital mortality associated with postoperative lung injury are affected by type of surgery and whether outcomes are dependent on type of ventilation. METHODS We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science,(More)
UNLABELLED Intraoperative surgical stress may markedly increase adrenergic nerve activity and plasma catecholamine concentrations, which causes peripheral vasoconstriction and decreased tissue oxygen partial pressure possibly leading to tissue hypoxia. Tissue hypoxia is associated with an increased incidence of surgical wound infections. Thoracic epidural(More)