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Using the rat insulinoma cell line INS-1 we generated beta-cell clones that are most efficient for gene transfer, as they contain an FRT site for Flp recombinase-mediated, site-directed integration of a single copy transgene. Therefore, the gene-of-interest can be introduced by DNA transfection without the need to select individual cell clones.(More)
The prevention of diabetes by the immunomodulatory agent FTY720 (fingolimod) was studied in the LEW.1AR1-iddm (IDDM) rat, an animal model of human type 1 diabetes. Immune cell subtypes and cytokine profiles in pancreatic islets, secondary lymphoid tissue, and serum were analyzed for signs of immune cell activation. Animals were treated with FTY720 (1 mg/kg(More)
Research on the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes relies heavily on good animal models. The aim of this work was to study the translational value of animal models of type 1 diabetes to the human situation. We compared the four major animal models of spontaneous type 1 diabetes, namely the NOD mouse, BioBreeding (BB) rat, Komeda rat and LEW.1AR1-iddm rat, by(More)
The LEW.1AR1-iddm rat is an animal model of human type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. T1DM susceptibility loci could be localized on chromosome (RNO) 20 in the major histocompatibility complex region (Iddm1) and on RNO1 (Iddm8, Iddm9) in a BN backcross cohort. In this study the impact of the different(More)
PURPOSE The LEW.1AR1-iddm rat is an animal model of human type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), which arose through a spontaneous mutation within the MHC-congenic inbred strain LEW.1AR1 (RT1(r²)). In contrast to the diabetes-resistant LEW.1AR1 background strain in LEW.1AR1-iddm rats a highly variable T-cell frequency could be observed in peripheral blood(More)
The LEW.1AR1-iddm rat is an animal model of spontaneous type 1 diabetes mellitus. This study analysed how adoptive transfer of selective T cell subpopulations affects the incidence of diabetes. CD4+ or CD8+ T cells were isolated from diabetic LEW.1AR1-iddm rats or diabetes-resistant LEW.1AR1 rats. Cells were selectively transferred into athymic LEW.1AR1-Whn(More)
The therapeutic capacity of an antibody directed against the T cell receptor (anti-TCR) of the TCR/CD3 complex alone or in combination with fingolimod (FTY720) to reverse the diabetic metabolic state through suppression of autoimmunity and stimulation of β cell regeneration was analyzed in the LEW.1AR1-iddm (IDDM) rat, an animal model of human type 1(More)
Cytolytic CD8+ T cells are critical for the control of acute Friend virus (FV) infection yet they fail to completely eliminate the virus during chronic infection because they are functionally impaired by regulatory T cells (Treg). We performed a kinetic analysis of T cell responses during FV infection to determine when dysfunction of CD8+ T cells and(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha) is a tissue-specific transcription factor expressed in many cell types, including pancreatic beta-cells. Mutations in the HNF4alpha gene in humans give rise to maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY1) characterized by defective insulin secretion by beta-cells. To elucidate the mechanism underlying this(More)
Most retroviruses induce severe immunosuppression during acute infection. We have used the Friend retrovirus mouse model to demonstrate that immunostimulatory B-type CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) have a protective effect against retrovirus-induced suppression of antibody responses to potent B-cell antigens. CD8+ T cells were critical for effective(More)