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Arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase introduces a molecular oxygen at carbon 12 of arachidonic acid to generate a 12-hydroperoxy derivative. The enzymes generate 12-hydroperoxy derivatives with either S- or R-configurations. There are three isoforms of 12S-lipoxygenases named after the cells where they were first identified; platelet, leukocyte and epidermis. The(More)
To study a putative paracellular protective mechanism of astrocytes for neurons, immunohistochemical analysis was performed in ischemic rat brain, which colocalized with the expression of heme oxygase-1 (HO- 1) in astroglias surrounding dying TUNEL-positive neurons. As an in vitro paradigm for ischemia, cultured astrocytes were exposed to normobaric hypoxia(More)
Age-dependent increase of peroxidation of membrane fatty acids such as arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in neurons was reported to cause a decline of the hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and cognitive dysfunction in rodents. Although supplementation of ARA and DHA can improve LTP and cognitive function in rodents, their effects(More)
Enhanced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in various pathological situations including inflammation. During a search for compounds that regulate ER stress, we identified vaticanol B, a tetramer of resveratrol, as an agent that protects against ER stress-induced cell death. Vaticanol B suppressed the induction of unfolded protein(More)
MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) and its metabolite 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) are drugs that are widely used in experimental Parkinson disease (PD) models. What is the significance of ORP150/HSP12A, a molecular chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), in the nigrostriatal system? Dopaminergic neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and(More)
It is well-known that heat-shock protein 70.1 (Hsp70.1), a major protein of the human Hsp70 family, plays cytoprotective roles by both its chaperone function and stabilization of lysosomal membranes. Recently, we found that calpain-mediated cleavage of carbonylated Hsp70.1 in the hippocampal cornu Ammonis1 (CA1) contributes to neuronal death after transient(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The activation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling causes the development of gastric and colon cancers. Sox17 represses Wnt/beta-catenin signaling and is down-regulated in colon cancer. This study was designed to elucidate the role of Sox17 during the course of gastrointestinal tumorigenesis. METHODS Sox17 expression was examined in(More)
12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) enzyme and products have been associated with inflammation and atherosclerosis. However, the mechanism of effects of the 12/15-LO products has not been fully clarified. To study the role of 12/15-LO in cytokine expression, experiments with direct additions of the12/15-LO products, 12(S)-hydroxyeicosa tetraenoic acid or(More)
Oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) is the key step for the development of atherosclerosis. The 12/15-lipoxygenase expressed in macrophages is capable of oxygenating linoleic acid esterified to cholesterol in the LDL particle, and thus this enzyme is presumed to initiate LDL oxidation. We recently reported that LDL receptor-related protein (LRP) was(More)
Oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is one of the critical steps for the development of atherosclerosis. Accumulating studies have indicated that 12/15-lipoxygenase highly expressed in macrophages plays an essential role in the oxidation of circulating LDL. It has been demonstrated that LDL needs to bind the LDL receptor-related protein(More)