Tanihiro Yoshimoto

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Age-dependent increase of peroxidation of membrane fatty acids such as arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in neurons was reported to cause a decline of the hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and cognitive dysfunction in rodents. Although supplementation of ARA and DHA can improve LTP and cognitive function in rodents, their effects(More)
MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) and its metabolite 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) are drugs that are widely used in experimental Parkinson disease (PD) models. What is the significance of ORP150/HSP12A, a molecular chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), in the nigrostriatal system? Dopaminergic neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and(More)
Enhanced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in various pathological situations including inflammation. During a search for compounds that regulate ER stress, we identified vaticanol B, a tetramer of resveratrol, as an agent that protects against ER stress-induced cell death. Vaticanol B suppressed the induction of unfolded protein(More)
It is well-known that heat-shock protein 70.1 (Hsp70.1), a major protein of the human Hsp70 family, plays cytoprotective roles by both its chaperone function and stabilization of lysosomal membranes. Recently, we found that calpain-mediated cleavage of carbonylated Hsp70.1 in the hippocampal cornu Ammonis1 (CA1) contributes to neuronal death after transient(More)
The inducible expression of heat shock protein 70.1 (Hsp70.1) plays cytoprotective roles in its molecular chaperone function. Binding of Hsp70 to an endolysosomal phospholipid, bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate (BMP), has been recently shown to stabilize lysosomal membranes by enhancing acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) activity in cancer cells. Using the monkey(More)
Exosomes are small membrane vesicles secreted from a variety of cell types. Recent evidence indicates that human cells communicate with each other by exchanging exosomes. Cancer cells closely interact with neighboring stromal cells, and together they cooperatively promote disease via bidirectional communication. Here, we investigated whether exosomes can(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase (p12-LOX) plays an important role in tumor development. However, how p12-LOX contributes to tumorigenesis is still not understood. The role of p12-LOX was therefore examined in tumor promotion using mouse epidermal JB6 P+ cells that are sensitive to(More)
Glutamate induced glutathione (GSH) depletion in C6 rat glioma cells, which resulted in cell death. This cell death seemed to be apoptosis through accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or hydroperoxides representing cytochrome c release from mitochondria and internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. A significant increase of 12-lipoxygenase enzyme(More)
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