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This research explores the role of phonotactic probability in two-year-olds' production of coda consonants. Twenty-nine children were asked to repeat CVC non-words that were used as labels for pictures of imaginary animals. The CVC non-words were controlled for their phonotactic probabilities, neighbourhood densities, word-likelihood ratings, and contained(More)
PURPOSE To examine the role of phonotactic probabilities at the onset of language development, in a new language (Dutch), while controlling for word position. METHOD Using a nonword imitation task, 64 Dutch-learning children (age 2;2-2;8 [years;months]) were tested on how they imitated segments in low- and high-phonotactic probability environments, in(More)
This research examines phonological neighbourhoods in the lexicons of children acquiring English. Analyses of neighbourhood densities were done on children's earliest words and on a corpus of spontaneous speech, used to measure neighbours in the target language. Neighbourhood densities were analyzed for words created by changing segments in word-onset(More)
UNLABELLED Over the course of the first 2 years of life, infants are learning a great deal about the sound system of their native language. Acquiring the sound system requires the infant to learn about sounds and their distributions, sound combinations, and prosodic information, such as syllables, rhythm, and stress. These aspects of the phonological system(More)
In this paper, we observe the productions of seven monolingual Portuguese children in order to account for the acquisition of Onset clusters in European Portuguese. The results will be compared with results from other languages, with a specific reference to the acquisition of Dutch. Although similar initial stages between the two groups of children were(More)
A central component of language development is word learning. One characterization of this process is that language learners discover objects and then look for word forms to associate with these objects (Mcnamara, 1984; Smith, 2000). Another possibility is that word forms themselves are also important, such that once learned, hearing a familiar word form(More)
Language in Society (LING 70, UCSB) Language and dialect variation, language ideology and subordination, representation of language variation in print, film, television, radio, and internet media. Introduction to subfields of linguistic study. Descriptive generalization, competence, and hypothesis-testing in domains of morphology, semantics, syntax, and(More)
Children spontaneously produce speech as they learn a language, which raises the question of whether articulation of words is necessary for language acquisition. While one side argues that it is not essential (Gathercole et al., 1999), the other propounds for a perception-production link (Keren-Portnoy et al., 2010). This research explores the impact of(More)
In our commentary, we discuss two additional points about developmental speech production. First, we suggest that more precision is needed to accurately describe 'speech production' processes, and we suggest that hierarchical constructs from the adult literatures on articulatory phonology and speech motor control may be applicable to infants as well.(More)
Within the subfields of linguistics, traditional approaches tend to examine different phenomena in isolation. As Stoel-Gammon (this issue) correctly states, there is little interaction between the subfields. However, for a more comprehensive understanding of language acquisition in general and, more specifically, lexical and phonological development, we(More)