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The enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) catalyzes the reutilization of hypoxanthine and guanine to the purine nucleotides IMP and GMP, respectively. HPRT deficiency is an X-linked disorder characterized by uric acid overproduction and variable neurologic impairment. The complete deficiency of HPRT is diagnostic of Lesch-Nyhan(More)
Pyrazinamide and probenecid tests were used to study the renal mechanisms for urate excretion in 10 normal subjects in the state of low serum uric acid levels (below 3.5 mg/dl), normal serum urate concentrations (between 3.6 and 6.4 mg/dl) and high serum uric acid levels (above 6.5 mg/dl). Presecretory reabsorption of urate was above 99% in all three(More)
BACKGROUND Sublingual administration of Phleum pratense allergen immunotherapy (SLIT) tablets is a clinically efficient treatment for grass pollen-induced rhinoconjunctivitis. This immunotherapy downregulates TH2 immune responses, induces tolerogenic pathways, and increases regulatory T cells. However, associated immune response markers of allergen(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the frequency of microalbuminuria and its relationship with several risk factors and left ventricular mass in a population of mildly hypertensive subjects attended in a primary-care setting. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Eight primary-care centres. PATIENTS Two hundred and twenty-three non-diabetic patients recently(More)
Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is a well-known metabolic disturbance that may promote recurrent renal stone formation. However, its incidence, screening criteria and association with other lithogenic metabolic abnormalities are not established in recurrent nephrolithiasis. 10 of 50 consecutive recurrent renal stone formers had a persistent fasting morning(More)
The physical, biochemical, and immunological characteristics of plant allergens have been widely studied, but no definite conclusion has been reached about what actually makes a protein an allergen. In this sense, N-glycosylation is an exclusive characteristic of plant allergens not present in mammals and it could be implied in allergenic sensitization.(More)
A prospective randomized, double-blind, double-dummy study investigated the effects of two angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on urinary albumin excretion in nondiabetic patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. At the end of a 4-week placebo run-in period, 36 patients were randomly allocated to receive a 12-week course of treatment(More)
Hyperuricosuria is a frequent finding in patients with recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis (RCN) that has been related to purine overingestion . The influence of diet and the renal handling of uric acid were investigated in patients with RCN to assess the pathogenic mechanism of excessive urate excretion. Among 50 patients with recurrent nephrolithiasis 42(More)