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This study examined the influence of proprioceptive input from hip flexor muscles on the activity in hip flexors during the swing phase of walking in the decerebrate cat. One hindlimb was partially denervated to remove cutaneous input and afferent input from most other hindlimb muscles. Perturbations to hip movement were applied either by 1) manual(More)
Feedback from muscle afferents is essential for locomotion to be functional under changing external conditions. In this article, we review the role of afferent feedback in adapting locomotor activity to transient and more sustained changes in sensory input in reduced and walking cat preparations. Much of the work on muscle afferent regulation of locomotion(More)
STUDY DESIGN Systematic review. OBJECTIVES To systematically review the psychometric properties of outcome measures used to assess ambulation in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING Vancouver, BC, Canada. METHODS A keyword literature search of original articles that evaluated the psychometric properties of ambulation outcome measures in the(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the strategies used by human subjects to adapt their walking pattern to a velocity-dependent resistance applied against hip and knee movements. Subjects first walked on a treadmill with their lower limbs strapped to an exoskeletal robotic gait orthosis with no resistance against leg motions (null condition). Afterward, a(More)
This study examined stumbling corrective (tripping) responses to mechanical disturbances applied to the foot during stepping in healthy human infants, in whom independent walking had not yet developed. During treadmill-elicited stepping, a foam-padded baton instrumented with a force transducer was used to deliver light touches to either the dorsum or the(More)
Breathing frequency increases at the onset of movement in a wide rage of mammals including adult humans. Moreover, the magnitude of increase in the rate of breathing appears related to the rate of the rhythmic movement. We determined whether human infants show the same type of response when supported to step on a treadmill. Twenty infants (ages 9.7 +/- 1.2(More)
Recent investigations have demonstrated that afferent signals from hindlimb flexor muscles can strongly influence flexor burst activity during walking and during fictive locomotion in decerebrate cats. We have reported previously that modifying afferent feedback from the sartorius (Sart) muscles by assisting or resisting hip flexion has a marked effect on(More)
Studies of spinalized animals indicate that some pharmacological agents may act on receptors in the spinal cord, helping to produce coordinated locomotor movement. Other drugs may help to ameliorate the neuropathological changes resulting from spinal cord injury (SCI), such as spasticity or demyelination, to improve walking. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Proprioceptive sense (knowing where the limbs are in space) is critical for motor control during posture and walking, and is often compromised after spinal cord injury (SCI). The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of using the Lokomat, a robotic exoskeleton used for gait rehabilitation, to quantitatively measure static position(More)
Powered robotic exoskeletons are an emerging technology of wearable orthoses that can be used as an assistive device to enable non-ambulatory individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) to walk, or as a rehabilitation tool to improve walking ability in ambulatory individuals with SCI. No studies to date have systematically reviewed the literature on the(More)