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The aim of this study was to examine the strategies used by human subjects to adapt their walking pattern to a velocity-dependent resistance applied against hip and knee movements. Subjects first walked on a treadmill with their lower limbs strapped to an exoskeletal robotic gait orthosis with no resistance against leg motions (null condition). Afterward, a(More)
This study examined the influence of proprioceptive input from hip flexor muscles on the activity in hip flexors during the swing phase of walking in the decerebrate cat. One hindlimb was partially denervated to remove cutaneous input and afferent input from most other hindlimb muscles. Perturbations to hip movement were applied either by 1) manual(More)
STUDY DESIGN Systematic review. OBJECTIVES To systematically review the psychometric properties of outcome measures used to assess ambulation in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING Vancouver, BC, Canada. METHODS A keyword literature search of original articles that evaluated the psychometric properties of ambulation outcome measures in the(More)
Proprioceptive sense (knowing where the limbs are in space) is critical for motor control during posture and walking, and is often compromised after spinal cord injury (SCI). The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of using the Lokomat, a robotic exoskeleton used for gait rehabilitation, to quantitatively measure static position(More)
BACKGROUND Objective measures of functional walking remain scarce for individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (ISCI). Hence, the authors developed the Spinal Cord Injury Functional Ambulation Profile (SCI-FAP), which encompasses the timed performance of 7 tasks, such as walking and negotiating obstacles, doors, and stairs. OBJECTIVE To assess the(More)
Muscle activity during the swing phase of walking is influenced by proprioceptive feedback pathways. Previous studies have shown that feedback and anticipatory motor commands contribute to locomotor adaptive strategies to prolonged exposure to a resistance against leg movements during walking. The purpose of this study was to determine whether people with(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated whether loading the legs during the swing phase of walking enhances flexor muscle activity in ambulatory patients with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS Nine patients had surface electromyography (EMG) and joint kinematics recorded from the lower extremities during treadmill walking. Swing phase loading of the(More)
Feedback from muscle afferents is essential for locomotion to be functional under changing external conditions. In this article, we review the role of afferent feedback in adapting locomotor activity to transient and more sustained changes in sensory input in reduced and walking cat preparations. Much of the work on muscle afferent regulation of locomotion(More)
The aim of this paper is to provide evidence, both published and new, to support the notion that human infants are particularly good subjects for the study of the pattern generator for walking. We and others have shown that stepping can be initiated by sensory input from the legs or by general heightened excitability of the infant. New results are presented(More)
Recent investigations have demonstrated that afferent signals from hindlimb flexor muscles can strongly influence flexor burst activity during walking and during fictive locomotion in decerebrate cats. We have reported previously that modifying afferent feedback from the sartorius (Sart) muscles by assisting or resisting hip flexion has a marked effect on(More)