Tania G dePinho

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Calcium regulation of flagellar motility is the basis for chemotaxis, phototaxis, and hyperactivation responses in eukaryotic flagellates and spermatozoa. Ca2+ is the internal messenger for these responses, but the coupling between Ca2+ and the motor mechanism that generates the flagellar beat is incompletely understood. We examined the effects of Ca2+ on(More)
Sperm flagella derive their motive power from the motor protein dynein. In this study, we show that maintenance of the flagellar beat cycle in detergent-extracted bull sperm models is highly dependent on the ratio of Mg(2+) to adenosine triphosphate (ATP). An excess of either ATP un-complexed with Mg(2+) , or an excess of Mg(2+) without an equivalent(More)
The sliding doublet mechanism is the established explanation that allows us to understand the process of ciliary and flagellar bending. In this study, we apply the principles of the sliding doublet mechanism to analyze the mechanics of the counterbend phenomenon in sea urchin sperm flagella. When a passive, vanadate-treated, flagellum is forced into a bend(More)
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