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The objective of this review is to outline current major cancer targets for nanoparticle systems and give insight into the direction of the field. The major targeting strategies that have been used for the delivery of therapeutic or imaging agents to cancer have been broken into three sections. These sections are angiogenesis-associated targeting, targeting(More)
AIMS The lack of specificity of chemotherapeutic agents to cancer tissue commonly leads to dose-limiting side effects and poor therapeutic results. Drug delivery systems promise to improve the deficiencies of chemotherapeutic treatment by modifying the biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of the drug in vivo. Here, we report the preparation,(More)
This work evaluates various techniques for the incorporation of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) onto biodegradable nanoparticles (NPs) of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) or poly(lactic acid) (PLA) with the purpose of providing a functional site for surface conjugation of targeting agents and for improving surface properties. The techniques compared were(More)
Nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems are considered promising for the delivery of imaging agents and drugs for the detection and treatment of illnesses, including cancer. Investigation of nanoparticle interactions with the diseased cells can lead to better designs. In this work, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles loaded with rhodamine 6G were(More)
Effective oral delivery of proteins is impeded by steep pH gradients and proteolytic enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as low absorption of the proteins into the bloodstream because of their size, charge, or solubility. In this work, pH-responsive complexation hydrogels of poly(itaconic acid) (PIA) with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) grafts were(More)
Micro- and nanofabrication techniques have revolutionized the pharmaceutical and medical fields as they offer the possibility for highly reproducible mass-fabrication of systems with complex geometries and functionalities, including novel drug delivery systems and bionsensors. The principal micro- and nanofabrication techniques are described, including(More)
I NTRODUCT ION A class of natural language processors is described which allow a user to display objects of interest on a computer terminal and manipulate them via typed or spoken English sentences. This paper concerns itself with the implementation of the voice input facility using an automatic speech recognizer, and the touch input facility using a touch(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Nanotechnology offers the possibility of creating multi-functional structures that can provide solutions for biomedical problems. The nanoprobes herein described are an example of such structures, where nano-scaled particles have been designed to provide high specificity and contrast potential for optical detection of cancer.(More)
We developed synthetic chemistry to access the marine alkaloid rigidins and over 40 synthetic analogues based on the 7-deazaxanthine, 7-deazaadenine, 7-deazapurine, and 7-deazahypoxanthine skeletons. Analogues based on the 7-deazahypoxanthine skeleton exhibited nanomolar potencies against cell lines representing cancers with dismal prognoses, tumor(More)
Docking studies of tubulin-targeting C2-substituted 7-deazahypoxanthine analogues of marine alkaloid rigidins led to the design and synthesis of compounds containing linear C2-substituents. The C2-alkynyl analogue was found to have double- to single-digit nanomolar antiproliferative IC50 values and showed statistically significant tumor size reduction in a(More)