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Notch receptors are processed by gamma-secretase acting in synergy with T cell receptor signaling to sustain peripheral T cell activation. Activated CD4+ T cells differentiate into T helper type 1 (TH1) or TH2 subsets. Molecular cues directing TH1 differentiation include expression of the TH1-specific transcription factor T-bet, encoded by Tbx21. However,(More)
Notch genes encode membrane receptors that regulate cell fate decisions in metazoa. Notch receptors and ligands are expressed in developing lymphoid tissue and mature lymphocytes and the role of Notch signaling in early T and B cell development has been studied extensively. However, its contribution to mature T cell function is unknown. TCR-mediated T cell(More)
Notch signaling is a well-conserved pathway involved in cell fate decisions, proliferation and apoptosis. We report on the involvement of Notch signaling in regulating gene expression in activated macrophages. Toll-like receptors (TLR) agonists such as bacterial lipopeptide, polyI:C, lipopolysaccharide and unmethylated CpG DNA all induced up-regulation of(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the production of autoantibodies and deposition of immune complexes in various organs. T cells play a central role in driving disease progression, and multiple defects in T cells from patients with SLE have been uncovered. Notch signalling is an evolutionarily well-conserved(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic, pro-inflammatory cytokine produced by various types of cells, including macrophages. Within the IL-6 gene promoter region, the signature binding motif of CBF1/Su(H)/Lag-1 (CSL), a key DNA-binding protein in the Notch signaling pathway, was identified and found to overlap with a consensus nuclear factor (NF)-κB-binding(More)
DNA vaccines are a promising new generation of vaccines that can elicit an immune response using DNA encoding the antigen of interest. The efficacy of these vaccines, however, still needs to be improved. In this study, we investigated the effect of autophagy on increasing the efficacy of a candidate DNA vaccine against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), a(More)
Notch signaling is involved in regulating TLR-mediated responses in activated macrophages. In this study, we investigated the impact of Notch signaling in macrophages in an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model. To examine the impact of deficiency in Notch signaling in activated macrophages in EAE, an adoptive transfer of activated(More)
Macrophages play critical roles in innate immune defense by sensing microbes using pattern-recognition receptors. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates macrophages via TLR, which leads to activation of downstream signaling cascades. In this study, we investigated the roles of a conserved signaling pathway, Notch signaling, in regulating the downstream(More)
INTRODUCTION Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by production of autoantibodies and immune complex deposition in various organs. Aberrations in the T lymphocyte compartment and dysregulated cytokine production are key features of SLE pathogenesis and disease progression. Recently, the role of the interleukin(More)