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This feature article highlights work from the authors' laboratories on the synthesis, assembly, reactivity, and optical applications of metallic nanoparticles of nonspherical shape, especially nanorods. The synthesis is a seed-mediated growth procedure, in which metal salts are reduced initially with a strong reducing agent, in water, to produce(More)
Trans-2-phenylcyclopropylamine (referred to as PCPA hereafter, also known as tranylcypromine and Parnate) is used clinically as an antidepressant. Here, we use a new model-zebrafish (Danio rerio) to study the molecular mechanisms of its adverse reactions in vivo. Following a PCPA exposure (75 microM), embryos showed "sluggish" action (slow swim and slow(More)
Microcystin-LR (MCLR) is one of the most common and most toxic members of the microcystins, which cause serious environmental disasters worldwide. Although the major toxicity of MCLR has been ascribed to its potent ability to inhibit protein phosphatase 1 and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), recent studies have suggested that MCLR may also perturb other(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular therapy is a treatment option for localized occlusion of the subclavian artery. In this report the long-term experience with 59 patients is presented. METHODS Between June 1998 and September 2008, we used endovascular therapy to treat 61 subclavian arterial obstructive lesions in 59 patients (46 males and 13 females, 34 - 82 years(More)
Resveratrol is a natural occurring phytoalexin present in grapes and berries, that has been shown to have chemopreventive/therapeutic activity. But the precise mechanism of resveratrol involved in leukemia is not well understood. In this study, we examine its anti-leukemia effect both in vitro and in vivo. Our data indicate that resveratrol contributes to(More)
In the present study we employed a two-step culture system to study the expression of Fas, p53 and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the development in vitro of human fetal germ cells. p53 mRNA was determined by Northern blotting, and Fas content was assessed by western blotting. RT-nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nPCR) analysis was performed to determine the(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a group of organobromine compounds widely used as flame retardants. PBDE-47 is one of the most prominent PBDE congeners found in human tissues, and it can be transformed into several metabolites, including 6-OH-PBDE-47. Recent studies have shown that PBDE-47 is neurotoxic to animals and possibly humans. However,(More)
Due to their toxicity, the increased distribution of microcystins (MCs) has become an important worldwide problem. MCs have been recognized as inhibitors of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) through their binding to the PP2A catalytic subunit. However, the exact mechanism of MC toxicity has not been elucidated, especially concerning the cellular response and(More)
OBJECTIVE Nonepisodic irritability is a common and impairing problem, leading to the development of the diagnoses severe mood dysregulation (SMD) and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). No psychosocial therapies have been formally evaluated for either, with medication being the most common treatment. This study examined the feasibility and(More)
With the rapidly increasing demand for high-speed computing, multi-core/many-core processors emerge as the future development direction in the industry. However, most applications cannot match with the present multi-core platform, which makes the optimization research of multi-core platform very necessary. The optimization varies with applications and(More)