Tan Jun Tong

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Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16(INK4a) is implicated in replicative senescence, cell immortalization, and tumor generation. However, the mechanism regulating its overexpression in senescent cells is unknown. We used the enhanced green fluorescent protein reporter system to scan regulatory elements in the upstream region of p16(INK4a). The results of(More)
p16(INK4a), a tumor suppressor gene that inhibits cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and cyclin-dependent kinase 6, is also implicated in the mechanisms underlying replicative senescence, because its RNA and protein accumulate as cells approach their finite number of population doublings in tissue culture. To further explore the involvement of p16(INK4a) in(More)
The p53-regulated stress-inducible gene GADD45 has been shown to participate in cellular response to DNA damage, including cell cycle checkpoint, apoptosis, and DNA repair. However, the regulation of GADD45 expression is complex and may involve both p53-dependent and -independent pathways. Recent findings have demonstrated that the p53-independent induction(More)
The limited replicative life span of diploid human cells in vitro (cellular senescence) serves as a cellular model of aging. We examined the proliferative response of 2BS cells of different population doubling levels to epidermal growth factor (EGF). DNA synthesis was measured by thymidine incorporation. As the cells aged, there was a significant decrease(More)
Mammalian cells exhibit complex cellular responses to genotoxic stress, including cell cycle checkpoint, DNA repair, and apoptosis. Inactivation of these important biological events will result in genomic instability and cell transformation. It has been demonstrated that gene activation is a critical initial step during the cellular response to DNA damage.(More)
In an attempt to reveal the genetic and epigenetic abnormalities in early stage of carcinogenesis of human lung cancer, a human bronchial epithelial cell line was immortalized by transfection with the Simian virus early region genes (SV40T); the biological features of the stable transfected cells were compared to human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)(More)
The majority of human lung cancers originate from the carcinogenesis of bronchial epithelial cells. To study the malignant progression of human bronchial epithelial cells, we established a SV40T-transformed human bronchial epithelial cell line, and observed some biological and genetic changes of the cell line at different passages. In a 2-year culture, this(More)
It has been reported that genomic DNA methylation decreases gradually during cell culture and an organism's aging. However, less is known about the methylation changes of age-related specific genes in aging. p21(Waf1/Cip1) and p16(INK4a) are cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitors that are critical for the replicative senescence of normal cells. In this(More)
Masked palm civets are highly susceptible to infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Infected animals become less aggressive and develop pyrexia, lethargy and diarrhoea. The present study describes the spectrum of histopathological changes in the lung, spleen, lymph node, liver, small intestine, kidney and cerebrum of(More)
Gadd45a, a growth arrest and DNA-damage gene, plays important roles in the control of cell cycle checkpoints, DNA repair and apoptosis. We show here that Gadd45a is involved in the control of cell contact inhibition and cell–cell adhesion. Gadd45a can serve as an adapter to enhance the interaction between β-catenin and Caveolin-1, and in turn induces(More)