Tamotsu Takeshita

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Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common infectious cause of sensorineural hearing loss in children. Here, we established an experimental model of hearing loss after systemic infection with murine CMV (MCMV) in newborn mice. Although almost no viral infection was observed in the inner ears and brains by intraperitoneal (i.p.) infection(More)
BACKGROUND The TECTA gene, which encodes alpha-tectorin, has recently been cloned. alpha-Tectorin is a major component of the noncollagenous matrix of the tectorial membrane. Nonsyndromic hearing impairment caused by TECTA mutations has been reported in Austrian, Belgian, Swedish, French, and Lebanese families. The phenotypes and genotypes were different(More)
Developmental changes in the stria vascularis of white spotting (Ws) rats were examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopes and by diaminobenzidine-staining techniques. The stria of Ws/Ws homozygote rats was found to have both pigmented and non-pigmented portions. While the pigmented portions possessed intermediate cells in the same manner as(More)
BACKGROUND Lysozyme is an antimicrobial innate immune molecule degrading peptidoglycan of the bacterial cell wall. Lysozyme shows the ubiquitous expression in wide varieties of species and tissues including the tubotympanum of mammals. We aim to investigate the effects of lysozyme depletion on pneumococcal clearance from the middle ear cavity. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND All mucosal epithelia, including those of the tubotympanium, are secreting a variety of antimicrobial innate immune molecules (AIIMs). In our previous study, we showed the bactericidal/bacteriostatic functions of AIIMs against various otitis media pathogens. Among the AIIMs, human beta-defensin 2 is the most potent molecule and is inducible by(More)
BACKGROUND We recently showed that beta-defensins have antimicrobial activity against nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) and that interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) up-regulates the transcription of beta-defensin 2 (DEFB4 according to new nomenclature of the Human Genome Organization) in human middle ear epithelial cells via a Src-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple patches of atrophy have been reported in the stria vascularis (SV) in elderly persons with presbycusis The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between sensorineural hearing loss and this strial condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS We established a new animal model comprising two small lesions in the SV in the second turn of(More)
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