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Paclitaxel stabilizes microtubules, causing mitotic arrest and activating the spindle assembly checkpoint. We determined whether suppression of the checkpoint genes Mad2 and BubR1 affects paclitaxel resistance and whether overexpression of Mad2 protein in checkpoint-defective cells enhances paclitaxel sensitivity. Suppression of Mad2 and BubR1 in(More)
PURPOSE High-grade serous ovarian cancers are heterogeneous not only in terms of clinical outcome but also at the molecular level. Our aim was to establish a novel risk classification system based on a gene expression signature for predicting overall survival, leading to suggesting novel therapeutic strategies for high-risk patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
Endocervical-type mucinous adenocarcinoma (ECA) of the uterine cervix is defined as a tumor composed of cells resembling those of the endocervical glands, but recent studies have demonstrated that a minority of ECAs displays a gastric immunophenotype. The aim of this study was to assess the significance of the gastric phenotype. Fifty-three cases of(More)
Paclitaxel is used widely in the treatment of breast cancer. Not all tumors respond to this drug, however, and the characteristics that distinguish resistant tumors from sensitive tumors are not well defined. Activation of the spindle assembly checkpoint is required for paclitaxel-induced cell death. We hypothesized that cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 1(More)
From January 1990 to December 2004, the prognosis of 28 patients with stage Ib1 adenosquamous cell carcinoma (ASC) were assessed in comparison with those of matched counterparts of pure adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The mean ages were 46.6, 48.3, and 48.5 years for patients with ASC, ADC, and SCC, respectively. All the patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare surgical outcomes using modified (type II) and traditional (type III) abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) for fertility-sparing surgery in early cervical cancer. METHODS A prospectively maintained database of ART procedures was analyzed. Data were collected regarding age, stage, histology, operative(More)
A subset of endocervical-type mucinous adenocarcinomas (ACs) of the uterine cervix exhibit a gastric phenotype and morphology, as reported in cases of minimal deviation AC in which the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) has been rarely detected. To investigate the HPV-independent pathway of carcinogenesis in cases of gastric-type AC, we investigated the(More)
Endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESSs) are rare tumors and are divided into two groups: low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS-LG) and undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma (UES). The purpose of this study was to compare the clinicopathological features and immunophenotypes of ESS-LG and UES. The authors evaluated 16 patients diagnosed with ESS at the Hyogo(More)
Inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinases, such as erlotinib and gefitinib, have not been very effective in the treatment of breast cancer although many breast cancer cells express EGFR. To address this apparent paradox, we examined possible predictors of the sensitivity of 10 breast cancer cell lines to erlotinib in light of(More)
Using patient questionnaires, we studied the long-term effect of leaving the peritoneum open on the incidence of lymphedema of the legs in patients following pelvic lymphadenectomy for gynecological malignancies. The patients were retrospectively assigned to one of two groups, depending on whether the retroperitoneum was closed or left open at surgery.(More)