Tamotsu Kitaoka

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OBJECTIVES While depression and apathy are common after stroke, past studies have done little to examine the influence of these two symptoms on functional outcome respectively. This study was designed to examine the effect of depression or apathy on functional recovery after stroke in 237 Japanese stroke patients. METHODS We assessed the psychological(More)
This study was designed to examine the correlation between damage to the basal ganglia or frontal lobe and depression status (both affective and apathetic dimensions) in 243 stroke patients. We assessed the affective dimension in post-stroke depression (PSD) using the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and the apathetic dimension in PSD using the(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between sitting balance at an early stage and activities of daily living (ADL) function in 452 stroke patients. The effect of sitting balance on the two core elements of depression (apathy and depressive mood) was also examined. The ability to maintain a sitting position for 10 min (10-min sitting(More)
AIM The present study used two-step analyses to examine the effect of acceptance of disability or 'insistence on recovery' in Japanese stroke patients: first on their functional improvement and second, on their psychological symptoms. METHODS Disability was assessed using functional independence measurements (FIM), examining the stage of acceptance of(More)
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