Tamotsu Kanai

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The genus Thermococcus, comprised of sulfur-reducing hyperthermophilic archaea, belongs to the order Thermococcales in Euryarchaeota along with the closely related genus Pyrococcus. The members of Thermococcus are ubiquitously present in natural high-temperature environments, and are therefore considered to play a major role in the ecology and metabolic(More)
Between July 1973 and September 1988, 119 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma underwent hepatic resection at Keio University Hospital, Tokyo. Hepatic resection was performed not only for patients with liver cirrhosis and obstructive jaundice but also for patients with advanced disease. Eighty (67.2%) of the 119 patients had liver cirrhosis and four(More)
Branching enzyme (BE) catalyzes formation of the branch points in glycogen and amylopectin by cleavage of the alpha-1,4 linkage and its subsequent transfer to the alpha-1,6 position. We have identified a novel BE encoded by an uncharacterized open reading frame (TK1436) of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1. TK1436 encodes a(More)
A hyperthermophilic archaeal strain, KOD1, isolated from a solfatara on Kodakara Island, Japan, has previously been reported as Pyrococcus sp. KOD1. However, a detailed phylogenetic tree, made possible by the recent accumulation of 16S rRNA sequences of various species in the order Thermococcales, indicated that strain KOD1 is a member of the genus(More)
Branching enzymes (BEs) catalyze the formation of branch points in glycogen and amylopectin by cleavage of α-1,4 glycosidic bonds and subsequent transfer to a new α-1,6 position. BEs generally belong to glycoside hydrolase family 13 (GH13); however TK1436, isolated from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1, is the first GH57(More)
We identified a novel regulator, Thermococcales glycolytic regulator (Tgr), functioning as both an activator and a repressor of transcription in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1. Tgr (TK1769) displays similarity (28% identical) to Pyrococcus furiosus TrmB (PF1743), a transcriptional repressor regulating the trehalose/maltose(More)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) is one of the key enzymes of the gluconeogenic pathway. Although enzyme activity had been detected in Archaea, the corresponding gene had not been identified until a presumable inositol monophosphatase gene from Methanococcus jannaschii was found to encode a protein with both inositol monophosphatase and FBPase(More)
Hydrogenases catalyze the reversible oxidation of molecular hydrogen (H₂) and play a key role in the energy metabolism of microorganisms in anaerobic environments. The hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakarensis KOD1, which assimilates organic carbon coupled with the reduction of elemental sulfur (S⁰) or H₂ generation, harbors three gene operons(More)
The DNA sliding clamp is a multifunctional protein involved in cellular DNA transactions. In Archaea and Eukaryota, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is the sliding clamp. The ring-shaped PCNA encircles double-stranded DNA within its central hole and tethers other proteins on DNA. The majority of Crenarchaeota, a subdomain of Archaea, have multiple(More)
We have found that the upstream region of the isocitrate lyase gene (UPR-ICL) from then-alkane-utilizing yeastCandida tropicalis was functional inSaccharomyces cerevisiae as a novel promoter with non-fermentable carbon sources, such as oleic acid, acetate, ethanol, and glycerol/lactate. The expression of two foreign genes coding for β-galactosidase(More)