Tamotsu Fujii

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We sequenced the whole mitochondrial (mt) genomes of three neobatrachian species: Japanese tree frog Hyla japonica, Japanese common toad Bufo japonicus, and narrow-mouthed toad Microhyla okinavensis. The gene arrangements of these genomes diverged from that of basal anurans (suborder Archaeobatrachia), but are the same as that of the members of derived(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence (21,359 bp) of the mitochondrial DNA of the rhacophorid frog Rhacophorus schlegelii was determined. The gene content, nucleotide composition, and codon usage of this genome corresponded to those typical of vertebrates. However, the Rh. schlegelii genome was unusually large due to the inclusion of two control regions and the(More)
We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial (mt) genome of a Malagasy poison frog, Mantella madagascariensis (family Mantellidae), and partial sequences of two Mantella (M. baroni and M. bernhardi) and two additional mantellid species (Boophis madagascariensis and Mantidactylus cf. ulcerosus). The M. madagascariensis genome was shown(More)
In this study we determined the complete nucleotide sequence (19,959 bp) of the mitochondrial DNA of the rhacophorid frog Buergeria buergeri. The gene content, nucleotide composition, and codon usage of B. buergeri conformed to those of typical vertebrate patterns. However, due to an accumulation of lengthy repetitive sequences in the D-loop region, this(More)
redD and actII-ORF4, regulatory genes required for synthesis of the antibiotics undecylprodigiosin and actinorhodin by Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), were transcribed in vitro by an RNA polymerase holoenzyme containing sigma hrdD. Disruption of hrdD had no effect on antibiotic production, indicating that redD and actII-ORF4 are transcribed in vivo by at(More)
We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial (mt) genome of an endangered Japanese frog, Odorrana ishikawae (family Ranidae). We also sequenced partial mt genomes of three other Odorrana and six ranid species to survey the diversity of genomic organizations and elucidate the phylogenetic problems remaining in this frog family. The O.(More)
The endangered Ryukyu tip-nosed frog Odorrana narina and its related species, Odorrana amamiensis, Odorrana supranarina, and Odorrana utsunomiyaorum, belong to the family Ranidae and are endemically distributed in Okinawa (O. narina), Amami and Tokunoshima (O. amamiensis), and Ishigaki and Iriomote (O. supranarina and O. utsunomiyaorum) Islands. Because of(More)
We recently reported the primary structures, antimicrobial activities and cDNA precursors of nine novel antimicrobial peptides from the skin of the endangered anuran species, Odorranaishikawae. Their cDNA clones revealed a highly conserved approximately 60 bp region upstream of the start codon. This conserved region was used in the "shotgun" cDNA cloning(More)
We determined the complete nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial (mt) genomes from two dicroglossid frogs, Hoplobatrachus tigerinus (Indian Bullfrog) and Euphlyctis hexadactylus (Indian Green frog). The genome sizes are 20462 bp in H. tigerinus and 20280 bp in E. hexadactylus. Although both genomes encode the typical 37 mt genes, the following unique(More)
Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) possesses nine genes for family 18 chitinases and two for family 19, showing high multiplicity. By hybridization analyses, distribution of those chitinase genes was investigated in six other Streptomyces species covering the whole phylogenetic range based on 16S rDNA sequences. All strains showed high-multiplicity of chitinase(More)