Tammy Latifi

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Most RNA molecules require Mg(2+) for their structure and enzymatic properties. Here we report the first example of an RNA serving as sensor for cytoplasmic Mg(2+). We establish that expression of the Mg(2+) transporter MgtA of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is controlled by its 5' untranslated region (5'UTR). We show that the 5'UTR of the mgtA(More)
Osteocalcin (OC) is a small calcium binding protein expressed in bones and teeth undergoing mineralization. OC expression in calvarial osteoblasts and odontoblasts is regulated in part via protein-protein interactions between the homeodomain repressor, Msx2, and components of the cell type-specific basal OC promoter. Recent work suggests that homeodomain(More)
Drug efflux systems play a major role in resistance to a wide range of noxious compounds in several Gram negative species. Here, we report the drug resistance and virulence phenotypes of Salmonella mutants defective in either resistance-nodulation-division (RND)-type systems and/or in drug efflux systems belonging to the major facilitator (MFS), multidrug(More)
Related organisms typically rely on orthologous regulatory proteins to respond to a given signal. However, the extent to which (or even if) the targets of shared regulatory proteins are maintained across species has remained largely unknown. This question is of particular significance in bacteria due to the widespread effects of horizontal gene transfer.(More)
Inducible membrane remodeling is an adaptive mechanism that enables Gram-negative bacteria to resist killing by cationic antimicrobial peptides and to avoid eliciting an immune response. Addition of 4-amino-4-deoxy-l -arabinose (4-aminoarabinose) moieties to the phosphate residues of the lipid A portion of the lipopolysaccharide decreases the net negative(More)
A fundamental question in biology is how an organism integrates multiple signals to mediate an appropriate cellular response. The PmrAPmrB two-component system of Salmonella enterica can be activated independently by Fe(3+), which is sensed by the PmrB protein, and in low Mg(2+), which is sensed by the PhoQ protein. The low-Mg(2+) activation requires pmrD,(More)
Genetic and genomic approaches have been successfully used to assign genes to distinct regulatory networks. However, the present challenge of distinguishing differentially regulated genes within a network is particularly hard because members of a given network tend to have similar regulatory features. We have addressed this challenge by developing a method,(More)
The sigma factor RpoS regulates the expression of many stress response genes and is required for virulence in several bacterial species. We now report that RpoS accumulates when Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is growing logarithmically in media with low Mg(2+) concentrations. This process requires the two-component regulatory system PhoP/PhoQ,(More)
The PhoP/PhoQ two-component system is a master regulator that governs the ability of Salmonella to cause a lethal infection in mice, the adaptation to low Mg(2+) environments, and resistance to a variety of antimicrobial peptides. We have recently established that the PhoP-activated ugtL gene is required for resistance to the antimicrobial peptides magainin(More)
Msx2 is a homeodomain transcriptional repressor that exerts tissue-specific actions during craniofacial skeletal and neural development. To identify coregulatory molecules that participate in transcriptional repression by Msx2, we applied a Farwestern expression cloning strategy to identify transcripts encoding proteins that bind Msx2. A lambdagt11(More)