Tammy L. Wagner

Learn More
Imiquimod (R-837, S-26308) and the analogue S-27609 were evaluated for cytokine induction in human blood cells. Both compounds induced interferon-alpha (IFN), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), interleukin (IL)-1 beta, and IL-6 with S-27609 being 5 to 10 times more potent. Imiquimod and S-27609 also induced IL-1 alpha, IL-1 receptor antagonist, IL-10,(More)
The effect of dietary Mg deficiency on nitric oxide (NO) production and its role in mediating oxidative depletion of red blood cell (RBC) glutathione in rats were investigated. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were placed on Mg-deficient or Mg-sufficient diets for up to 3 wk. Plasma nitrate plus nitrite levels, determined by the Escherichia coli reductase/Griess(More)
The first week of dietary magnesium deficiency in rodent models is characterized by the induction of raised levels of neuropeptides (substance P [SP] and calcitonin gene related peptide [CGRP]), followed shortly thereafter by inflammatory cytokine release. Since neuropeptides participate in neurogenic inflammation, we have proposed that the neurogenic(More)
1H-Imidazo-[4,5-c]quinolines were prepared while investigating novel nucleoside analogues as potential antiviral agents. While these compounds showed no direct antiviral activity when tested in a number of cell culture systems, some demonstrated potent inhibition of virus lesion development in an intravaginal guinea pig herpes simplex virus-2 assay. We have(More)
Sprague-Dawley rats (200 g) were fed either a Mg-deficient or Mg-sufficient diet for 3 weeks. An enriched neutrophil fraction (>85%) was isolated from the blood by sodium metrizoate/dextran gradient centrifugation. Using the superoxide dismutase (SOD)-inhibitable cytochrome c reduction assay, the basal activity of neutrophils isolated from the Mg-deficient(More)
Cytokines produced by antigen-presenting cells are known to affect the development and cytokine profile of T cells. The immune response modifiers imiquimod and R-848 were previously shown to stimulate human and mouse cultures to secrete interferon-alpha. Results from the present study demonstrate that R-848 and imiquimod are capable of inducing(More)
Recently, a new class of immunomodulating agents, represented by the molecules imiquimod and R-842, has demonstrated potent antiviral and antitumor activities in animal models. In this study, another representative of this class, S-28463 (4-amino-2-ethoxymethyl-alpha,alpha-dimethyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]quinoline- 1- ethanol) was evaluated for its(More)
Imiquimod (R-837) and its analog, S-27609, belong to a class of imidazoquinolinamines that have potent antitumor and antiviral effects in animals. Much of their biologic activity is a result of the induction of cytokines, including interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF), and others. In this study, the cells responsible for S-27609-(More)
Magnesium deficiency (MgD) has been associated with production of reactive oxygen species, cytokines, and eicosanoids, as well as vascular compromise in vivo. Although MgD-induced inflammatory change occurs during "chronic" MgD in vivo, acute MgD may also affect the vasculature and consequently, predispose endothelial cells (EC) to perturbations associated(More)
ALDARA (imiquimod cream 5%) recently became available for the treatment of genital and perianal warts; however, the topical mechanism of action of imiquimod is not fully understood. Imiquimod, and its analogs R-842, S-27609, and S-28463, are potent anti-viral and anti-tumor agents in animal models. Much of the biologic activity of these compounds can be(More)