Tammy L Ivanco

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Repeated, daily tetanization of the corpus callosum induces lasting changes in sensorimotor cortex field potential responses, but the synaptic populations that mediate these responses and support long-term potentiation (LTP) have not been characterized. Current source density analyses of field responses were compared between control animals and those in(More)
Traditional anatomical/behavioral classifications suggest that rats and opossums have simple motor systems and are impoverished with respect to their ability to make prehensile movements. Nevertheless, the motor system in rats and opossums represent extremes in relative size and complexity suggesting that a behavioral analysis of the movement competencies(More)
Autism occurs in 1 in 1,000 children and incidence may be increasing. Investigating brain development and developmental injury in humans is difficult. As such, many studies rely on animal models of disorders. We chose to investigate the valproic acid-exposed rat, as this model shares many similarities with autism. Pregnant Long-Evans rats were administered(More)
Emx1 is a mouse homologue of the Drosophila homeobox gene empty spiracles and its expression is restricted to the neurons in the developing and adult cerebral cortex and hippocampus. We reported previously the creation of a line of transgenic mice in which the cre gene was placed directly downstream of the putative Emx1 promoter using ES cell technology. We(More)
LTP has been associated with changes in synaptic morphology but the nature of these changes over the time course of the enhanced electrophysiological response has not been fully determined. The current research involved an examination of synaptic structure in the rat hippocampus during the long-term maintenance phase of LTP. Synapses were examined in the(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) in the sensorimotor cortex of freely moving rats has been associated with changes in dendritic morphology and dendritic spine density. The current research examined changes in synaptic number and ultrastructure associated with LTP in this cortical region. LTP was induced over a 1 h period and the animals were sacrificed 2 h(More)
The organization of specific cortical connections can be altered by sensory and motor experience. These changes are believed to result from activity-dependent changes in synaptic connectivity, similar to those induced in the hippocampus by high-frequency stimulation in long-term potentiation (LTP) experiments. If similar mechanisms are involved, then(More)
Angiogenesis is a critical element for adaptation to low levels of oxygen and occurs following long-term exposure to mild hypoxia in rats. To test whether a similar response in mice occurs, CD1, 129/Sv, C57Bl/6, and Balb/c mice were exposed to 10% oxygen for up to 3 wk. All mice showed significant increases in the percentage of packed red blood cells, and(More)
The hippocampus and adjacent cortical structures, including the entorhinal, perirhinal, and parahippocampal cortices, appear to serve as an integrated memory system. This extended hippocampal system is believed to influence memory and consolidation through an extensive set of reciprocal connections with widespread areas of the neocortex. Long-term(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP), one of the most compelling models of learning and memory, has been associated with changes in synaptic morphology. In this study, LTP was induced and animals were sacrificed 1 h after the stimulation of the LTP group (induction / early maintenance phase). Synapses in the directly stimulated middle third of the dentate gyrus(More)