Tammy J. Dwyer

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The predominant low-molecular-mass thiol produced by streptomycetes is a cysteine derivative previously designated as U17 [Newton, G. L., Fahey, R. C., Cohen, G. & Aharonowitz, Y. (1993) J. Bacteriol. 175, 2734-2742]. In this study we report the elucidation of the structure of the monobromobimane derivative of U17, which establishes the structure of U17 as(More)
The acid dissociation constants for N-(2-mercaptoethyl)-1,3-diaminopropane (WR-1065) were determined in D2O by 360- and 500-MHz NMR spectroscopy. Results obtained at 0.21 M initial ionic strength and 26 degrees C were corrected to 25 degrees C yielding pKD1 = 8.28 +/- 0.04, pKD2 = 9.88 +/- 0.07, and pKD3 = 11.58 +/- 0.03. Correction of these values for the(More)
A combination of circular dichroism spectroscopy, titration calorimetry, and optical melting has been used to investigate the association of the minor groove ligands netropsin and distamycin to the central A3T2 binding site of the DNA duplex d(CGCAAATTGGC).d(GCCAATTTGCG). For the complex with netropsin at 20 degrees C, a ligand/duplex stoichiometry of 1:1(More)
Many candidate unnatural DNA base pairs have been developed, but some of the best-replicated pairs adopt intercalated structures in free DNA that are difficult to reconcile with known mechanisms of polymerase recognition. Here we present crystal structures of KlenTaq DNA polymerase at different stages of replication for one such pair, dNaM-d5SICS, and show(More)
We have used two-dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy to determine the solution structures of the 4'-(hydroxymethyl)-4,5',8-trimethylpsoralen (HMT) furanside monoadducted (MAf) and the photoisomeric HMT interstrand cross-linked (XL) DNA oligonucleotide d(5'-GCGTACGC-3')2. The determination of the structure was based on total relaxation matrix analysis of the(More)
We have used 1H NMR spectroscopy to determine the structural changes induced in the DNA oligomer d(5'-GCGTACGC-3')2 upon conversion of the 4'-hydroxy-methyl-4,5',8-trimethylpsoralen-DNA furan-side monoadduct (MAf) to the interstrand cross-link (XL). The MAf is a photochemical intermediate on the path to interstrand XL and has the psoralen intercalated into(More)
Expansion of the genetic alphabet has been a long-time goal of chemical biology. A third DNA base pair that is stable and replicable would have a great number of practical applications and would also lay the foundation for a semisynthetic organism. We have reported that DNA base pairs formed between deoxyribonucleotides with large aromatic, predominantly(More)
The designed peptide 1-methylimidazole-2-carboxamide netropsin (2-ImN) binds specifically to the sequence 5'-TGACT-3'. Direct evidence from NMR spectroscopy is presented that this synthetic ligand binds DNA as a 2:1 complex, which reveals that the structure is an antiparallel dimer in the minor groove of DNA. This is in contrast to the 1:1 complexes usually(More)
As part of an ongoing effort to expand the genetic alphabet for in vitro and eventual in vivo applications, we have synthesized a wide variety of predominantly hydrophobic unnatural base pairs and evaluated their replication in DNA. Collectively, the results have led us to propose that these base pairs, which lack stabilizing edge-on interactions, are(More)
The solution structure of a cyclic polyamide ligand complexed to a DNA oligomer, derived from NMR restrained molecular mechanics, is presented. The polyamide, cyclo-gamma-ImPyPy-gamma-PyPyPy-, binds to target DNA with a nanomolar dissociation constant as characterized by quantitative footprinting previously reported. 2D (1)H NMR data were used to generate(More)