Tammra Warby

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The interferon (IFN)-induced, dsRNA-dependent serine/threonine protein kinase, PKR, plays a key regulatory role in the IFN-mediated anti-viral response by blocking translation in the infected cell by phosphorylating the alpha subunit of elongation factor 2 (eIF2). The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) evades the anti-viral IFN response through the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of the effect of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on HIV-1 replication in macrophages have had inconsistent results, variously reporting no effect, augmentation or inhibition of viral replication. OBJECTIVE To investigate the regulation of HIV-1 in monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) by GM-CSF in vitro.(More)
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