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Oxytocin plays an important role in the regulation of normal cognitive functions and behaviors, which are disturbed in schizophrenia. Several studies suggest that oxytocinergic function is abnormal in schizophrenia patients. Thus, oxytocin may be involved in the pathophysiology associated with this disorder. This study investigated the regulatory effects of(More)
Systemic injections of cholecystokinin (CCK), a "gut-brain" peptide, have been shown to modulate brain dopamine function and produce neuroleptic-like effects on such dopamine-regulated behaviors as locomotor activity. However, clinical trials of CCK agonists in schizophrenia patients showed mixed results. To re-examine the antipsychotic potential of(More)
Agonists of the neuropeptide neurotensin have been proposed as potential novel antipsychotics based on their ability to modulate neurotransmission in brain regions associated with schizophrenia. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effects of a neurotensin mimetic with improved metabolic stability in an animal model with strong predictive validity for(More)
The natural hormone uroguanylin regulates intestinal fluid homeostasis and bowel function through activation of guanylate cyclase-C (GC-C), resulting in increased intracellular cyclic guanosine-3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP). We report the effects of uroguanylin-mediated activation of the GC-C/cGMP pathway in vitro on extracellular cGMP transport and in vivo in(More)
Neurotensin is a neuropeptide which coexists with mesolimbic dopamine and has exhibited neuroleptic-like activity in the nucleus accumbens. This study examined the effects of neurotensin infused into the nucleus accumbens on prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the rat's acoustic startle reflex, a measure which is relevant to the sensorimotor gating deficits seen(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important member of the cytokine superfamily, exerting pleiotropic actions on many physiological processes. Over-production of IL-6 is a hallmark of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases such as Castleman's Disease (CD) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Antagonism of the interleukin IL-6/IL-6 receptor (IL-6R)/gp130 signaling complex(More)
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle reflex is an operational measure of sensorimotor gating. Both locomotor activity and PPI are regulated by mesolimbic dopamine activity. Neurotensin is a neuropeptide, which coexists with dopamine in mesolimbic neurons. Neurotensin receptors have been identified in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) and ventral(More)
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